We define a one-dimensional family of Bridgeland stability conditions on , named “Euler” stability condition. We conjecture that the “Euler” stability condition converges to Gieseker stability for coherent sheaves. Here, we focus on , first identifying Euler stability conditions with double-tilt stability conditions, and then we consider moduli of one-dimensional sheaves, proving some asymptotic results, boundedness for walls, and then explicitly computing walls and wall-crossings for sheaves supported on rational curves of degrees and .

]]>The well-studied moduli space of complex cubic surfaces has three different, but isomorphic, compact realizations: as a GIT quotient , as a Baily–Borel compactification of a ball quotient , and as a compactified K-moduli space. From all three perspectives, there is a unique boundary point corresponding to non-stable surfaces. From the GIT point of view, to deal with this point, it is natural to consider the Kirwan blowup , whereas from the ball quotient point of view, it is natural to consider the toroidal compactification . The spaces and have the same cohomology, and it is therefore natural to ask whether they are isomorphic. Here, we show that this is in fact not the case. Indeed, we show the more refined statement that and are equivalent in the Grothendieck ring, but not K-equivalent. Along the way, we establish a number of results and techniques for dealing with singularities and canonical classes of Kirwan blowups and toroidal compactifications of ball quotients.

]]>We consider the moduli space of genus 4 curves endowed with a (which maps with degree 2 onto the moduli space of genus 4 curves). We prove that it defines a degree cover of the nine-dimensional Deligne–Mostow ball quotient such that the natural divisors that live on that moduli space become totally geodesic (their normalizations are eight-dimensional ball quotients). This isomorphism differs from the one considered by S. Kondō, and its construction is perhaps more elementary, as it does not involve K3 surfaces and their Torelli theorem: the Deligne–Mostow ball quotient parametrizes certain cyclic covers of degree 6 of a projective line and we show how a level structure on such a cover produces a degree 3 cover of that line with the same discriminant, yielding a genus 4 curve endowed with a .

]]>Let be an exact category. We establish basic results that allow one to identify sub(bi)functors of using additivity of numerical functions and restriction to subcategories. We also study a small number of these new functors over commutative local rings in detail and find a range of applications from detecting regularity to understanding Ulrich modules.

]]>For homogeneous polynomials over a finite field, their Dwork complex is defined by Adolphson and Sperber, based on Dwork’s theory. In this article, we will construct an explicit cochain map from the Dwork complex of to the Monsky–Washnitzer complex associated with some affine bundle over the complement of the common zero of , which computes the rigid cohomology of . We verify that this cochain map realizes the rigid cohomology of as a direct summand of the Dwork cohomology of . We also verify that the comparison map is compatible with the Frobenius and the Dwork operator defined on both complexes, respectively. Consequently, we extend Katz’s comparison results in [19] for projective hypersurface complements to arbitrary projective complements.

]]>We investigate sections of the arithmetic fundamental group where X is either a smooth affinoid p-adic curve, or a formal germ of a p-adic curve, and prove that they can be lifted (unconditionally) to sections of cuspidally abelian Galois groups. As a consequence, if X admits a compactification Y, and the exact sequence of splits, then . We also exhibit a necessary and sufficient condition for a section of to arise from a rational point of Y. One of the key ingredients in our investigation is the fact, we prove in this paper in case X is affinoid, that the Picard group of X is finite.

]]>Let and be two homogeneous polynomials of degree d in three complex variables . We show that the Lê–Yomdin surface singularities defined by and have the same abstract topology, the same monodromy zeta-function, the same -invariant, but lie in distinct path-connected components of the -constant stratum if their projective tangent cones (defined by and , respectively) make a Zariski pair of curves in , the singularities of which are Newton non-degenerate. In this case, we say that and make a -Zariski pair of surface singularities. Being such a pair is a necessary condition for the germs and to have distinct embedded topologies.

]]>The problem of classifying elliptic curves over with a given discriminant has received much attention. The analogous problem for genus curves has only been tackled when the absolute discriminant is a power of . In this article, we classify genus curves C defined over with at least two rational Weierstrass points and whose absolute discriminant is an odd prime. In fact, we show that such a curve C must be isomorphic to a specialization of one of finitely many -parameter families of genus curves. In particular, we provide genus analogues to Neumann–Setzer families of elliptic curves over the rationals.

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