The purpose of this paper is to present an extension of the results in [8]. We establish a more general proof for the moving kernel formula to prove the spectral stability of periodic traveling wave solutions for the regularized Benjamin–Bona–Mahony type equations. As applications of our analysis, we show the spectral instability for the quintic Benjamin–Bona–Mahony equation and the spectral (orbital) stability for the regularized Benjamin–Ono equation.

]]>This paper is concerned with the p-Ginzburg–Landau (p-GL) type model with . First, we obtain global energy estimates and energy concentration properties by the singularity analysis. Next, we give a decay rate of in the domain away from the singularities when , where is a minimizer of p-GL functional with . Finally, we obtain a Liouville theorem for the finite energy solutions of the p-GL equation on .

]]>In [2], Beilinson–Lusztig–MacPherson (BLM) gave a beautiful realization for quantum via a geometric setting of quantum Schur algebras. We introduce the notion of affine Schur superalgebras and use them as a bridge to link the structure and representations of the universal enveloping superalgebra of the loop algebra of with those of affine symmetric groups . Then, we give a BLM type realization of via affine Schur superalgebras.

The first application of the realization of is to determine the action of on tensor spaces of the natural representation of . These results in epimorphisms from to affine Schur superalgebras so that the bridging relation between representations of and is established. As a second application, we construct a Kostant type -form for whose images under the epimorphisms above are exactly the integral affine Schur superalgebras. In this way, we obtain essentially the super affine Schur–Weyl duality in arbitrary characteristics.

]]>Lusztig’s algorithm of computing generalized Green functions of reductive groups involves an ambiguity on certain scalars. In this paper, for reductive groups of classical type with arbitrary characteristic, we determine those scalars explicitly, and eliminate the ambiguity. Our results imply that all the generalized Green functions of classical type are computable.

]]>A protagonist here is a new-type invariant for type II degenerations of K3 surfaces, which is explicit piecewise linear convex function from the interval with at most nonlinear points. Forgetting its actual function behavior, it also classifies the type II degenerations into several combinatorial types, depending on the type of root lattices as appeared in classical examples.

From differential geometric viewpoint, the function is obtained as the density function of the limit measure on the collapsing hyper-Kähler metrics to conjectural segments, as in [HSZ19]. On the way, we also reconstruct a moduli compactification of elliptic K3 surfaces by [AB19], [ABE20], [Brun15] in a more elementary manner, and analyze the cusps more explicitly.

We also interpret the glued hyper-Kähler fibration of [HSVZ18] as a special case from our viewpoint, and discuss other cases, and possible relations with Landau–Ginzburg models in the mirror symmetry context.

]]>We study the action of a real reductive group G on a real submanifold X of a Kähler manifold Z. We suppose that the action of a compact connected Lie group U with Lie algebra extends holomorphically to an action of the complexified group and that the U-action on Z is Hamiltonian. If is compatible, there exists a gradient map where is a Cartan decomposition of . In this paper, we describe compact orbits of parabolic subgroups of G in terms of the gradient map .

]]>Let be a semistable fibration where X is a smooth variety of dimension and B is a smooth curve. We give the structure theorem for the local system of the relative -forms and of the relative top forms. This gives a neat interpretation of the second Fujita decomposition of . We apply our interpretation to show the existence, up to base change, of higher irrational pencils and on the finiteness of the associated monodromy representations under natural Castelnuovo-type hypothesis on local subsystems. Finally, we give a criterion to have that X is not of Albanese general type if .

]]>We continue the work started in parts (I) and (II) of this series. In this paper, we classify which continuous quivers of type A are derived equivalent. Next, we define the new , which we call weak continuous cluster category. It is a triangulated category, it does not have cluster structure but it has a new weaker notion of “cluster theory.” We show that the original continuous cluster category of [15] is a localization of this new weak continuous cluster category. We define cluster theories to be appropriate groupoids and we show that cluster structures satisfy the conditions for cluster theories. We describe the relationship between different cluster theories: some new and some obtained from cluster structures. The notion of continuous mutation which appears in cluster theories (but not in cluster structures) appears in the next paper [20].

]]>We show that the Specht ideal of a two-rowed partition is perfect over an arbitrary field, provided that the characteristic is either zero or bounded below by the size of the second row of the partition, and we show this lower bound is tight. We also establish perfection and other properties of certain variants of Specht ideals, and find a surprising connection to the weak Lefschetz property. Our results, in particular, give a self-contained proof of Cohen–Macaulayness of certain h-equals sets, a result previously obtained by Etingof–Gorsky–Losev over the complex numbers using rational Cherednik algebras.

]]>We introduce an infinite variant of hypersurface support for finite-dimensional, noncommutative complete intersections. We show that hypersurface support defines a support theory for the big singularity category , and that the support of an object in vanishes if and only if the object itself vanishes. Our work is inspired by Avramov and Buchweitz’ support theory for (commutative) local complete intersections. In the companion piece [27], we employ hypersurface support for infinite-dimensional modules, and the results of the present paper, to classify thick ideals in stable categories for a number of families of finite-dimensional Hopf algebras.

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