Let be a smooth geometrically connected projective curve over the field of fractions of a discrete valuation ring , and a modulus on , given by a closed subscheme of which is geometrically reduced. The generalized Jacobian of with respect to is then an extension of the Jacobian of by a torus. We describe its Néron model, together with the character and component groups of the special fibre, in terms of a regular model of over . This generalizes Raynaud's well-known description for the usual Jacobian. We also give some computations for generalized Jacobians of modular curves with moduli supported on the cusps.

]]>Given a perfect field with algebraic closure and a variety over , the field of moduli of is the subfield of of elements fixed by field automorphisms such that the Galois conjugate is isomorphic to . The field of moduli is contained in all subextensions such that descends to . In this paper, we extend the formalism and define the field of moduli when is not perfect. Furthermore, Dèbes and Emsalem identified a condition that ensures that a smooth curve is defined over its field of moduli, and prove that a smooth curve with a marked point is always defined over its field of moduli. Our main theorem is a generalization of these results that applies to higher-dimensional varieties, and to varieties with additional structures. In order to apply this, we study the problem of when a rational point of a variety with quotient singularities lifts to a resolution. As a consequence, we prove that a variety of dimension with a smooth marked point such that is finite, étale and of degree prime to is defined over its field of moduli.

]]>We prove that there exists at least one positive Einstein metric on for . Based on the existence of the first Einstein metric, we give a criterion to check the existence of a second Einstein metric on . We also investigate the existence of cohomogeneity-one positive Einstein metrics on and prove the existence of a non-standard Einstein metric on .

]]>Let be the set of all cuspidal automorphic representations of with unitary central character over a number field . We prove the first unconditional zero density estimate for the set of Rankin–Selberg -functions, where is fixed. We use this density estimate to establish: (i) a hybrid-aspect subconvexity bound at for almost all ; (ii) a strong on-average form of effective multiplicity one for almost all ; and (iii) a positive level of distribution for , in the sense of Bombieri–Vinogradov, for each .

]]>The attractor conjecture for Calabi–Yau moduli spaces predicts the algebraicity of the moduli values of certain isolated points picked out by Hodge-theoretic conditions. Using tools from transcendence theory, we provide a family of counterexamples to the attractor conjecture in almost all odd dimensions conditional on a specific case of the Zilber–Pink conjecture in unlikely intersection theory; these Calabi–Yau manifolds were first studied by Dolgachev. We also give constructions of new families of Calabi–Yau varieties, analogous to the mirror quintic family, with all middle Hodge numbers equal to one, which would also give counterexamples to the attractor conjecture.

]]>We introduce the notion of completed -crystals on the absolute prismatic site of a smooth -adic formal scheme. We define a functor from the category of completed prismatic -crystals to that of crystalline étale -local systems on the generic fiber of the formal scheme and show that it gives an equivalence of categories. This generalizes the work of Bhatt and Scholze, which treats the case of a mixed characteristic complete discrete valuation ring with perfect residue field.

]]>