Many microelectronic chips contain embedded memory arrays. A single SRAM bit-cell contains several transistors. Failure of any of the transistors makes the entire bit-cell inoperable. Dual-beam Focused Ion Beam (FIB) combines the slicing capability of FIB with in-situ SEM imaging. The combination offers unparalleled precision in looking for root causes of failures in microelectronic devices. Once a failure site is located, an FIB lift-off method can be used to prepare a TEM sample containing the area of interest. Further structural, elemental information can then be acquired from the failure site. We report here analyses of single and multiple bit failures in SRAM arrays carried out using FIB/SEM, and in two cases TEM imaging and EDS/PEELS. Root causes of bit failures including remnant seed-layer metal between stacked vias have been identified.