To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Competition policy debates on digital platform markets are often premised on the idea that market fragmentation and the standard forces of competition and entry may provide a potential solution to excessive concentration and market power. In this work, Francesco Ducci provides readers with a different perspective based on the theoretical lens of natural monopoly. Ducci explores this framework through the development of three case studies on horizontal search, e-commerce marketplaces, and ride-hailing platforms, investigating the strength and limit of potential (and often heterogeneous) sources of natural monopoly at play in each industry. Building on these case studies, the book then derives from the application of the natural monopoly framework general policy implications for digital industries by identifying the respective institutional flaws and shortcomings of ex ante and ex post approaches to market power as one of the central challenges in digital platform markets.
Schizophrenia is a severe mental disease that affects approximately 1 percent of the population with a relevant chronic impact on social and occupational functioning, and daily activities. The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the clinical and economic consequences of long-acting injectable (LAI) treatment in patients with psychotic disorders, with a special focus on schizophrenia, in Italian real world practice.
A retrospective, observational mirror-study was developed to analyze outcomes measure referred to patients with psychotic disorders. Five hospital centers were involved in this study that collected patient level data from clinical databases. Retrospective data for each patient were referred to 6 months before LAI drug administration and 6 months after. A paired-Samples t-test was performed in order to identify statistical differences between pre- and post-LAI administration.
A total number of 308 patients were enrolled in the study (65.6 percent male). Of these 221 were eligible for our analysis (119 with schizophrenia). In the six months after LAI administration period we estimate a 47.3 percent reduction of the antipsychotic drugs (43.8 percent for schizophrenic patients), 94.7 percent reduction of hospitalizations (94.0 percent for schizophrenic patients) and adherent patients increase to 198/221 patients (78/221 in pre-LAI administration period). All differences between pre- and post- LAI administration period were statistically significant with a p< .005. In Italy over 152 thousand schizophrenic treated patients were estimated. Assuming that 20–40 percent of patients are eligible to the Mo.Ma (Model of Management) approach, our model estimates a direct cost reduction during the first year of implementation of around EUR12 million. Additionally, EUR18 million of direct costs in the mid-term and EUR58 million of indirect costs could be saved in the mid-term estimating a total cost reduction, due to the Mo.Ma approach, of about EUR90 million.
This new therapeutic approach could change the cost structure of schizophrenia by decreasing costs with efficient economic resource allocation guaranteed from efficient diagnostic and therapeutic pathways.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.