In Reunion Island, insect and mite pests are significant limiting factors to the development of market crops. Several studies have been carried out on some families of pests during the last 40 years, but no comprehensive survey has been undertaken on the arthropods of vegetable crops on this island. During 1997/1998, we studied the arthropod complex on eight main families of crops, namely Solanaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Brassicaceae, Fabaceae, Liliaceae, Asteraceae, Apiaceae and Rosaceae. During a complete year of collection, we gathered 123 species of pests, including 114 species of insects and 9 of mites. We also identified a total of 128 species of beneficials, including 51 species of parasitoïds and 77 species of predators and consisting of 101 species of insects, 14 of mites and 13 of arachnids. Our data constitute the first step for the implementation of strategies for pest monitoring and integrated pest management in an important sector for the island's insular economy.