Detailed surface topography is presented for two dome features of the West Antarctic ice sheet, Siple Dome and Roosevelt Island. Both these domes show linear topographic features, or “scars”, on [heir flanks. Topography is determined from a combination of existing digital elevation models (DEMs; based on satellite radar altimctry), photoclinomctry (using advanced very high-resolution radiometer images to quantitatively infer topographic details) and, in the case of Siple Dome, surface global positioning system topographic profiles. The enhanced DEMs provide heights and shapes for a variety of surface features in the vicinity of the domes, such as scars, surface undulations, ice rises and the domes themselves.
The DEMs indicate that the scar features on both domes are high relative to adjacent rapid-ice-llow areas. Scars and other related morphologic features on the flanks of both domes can be interpreted as former active ice streams and stream margins. For Siple Dome, this interpretation is confirmed by radar profiling. The evolution of the topographic height of the scars is a combination of two processes: initial elevation rise due to a positive mass balance at the shear margin in the immediate aftermath of shut-down of the ice stream; and later downslope flow as the scars become part of the dome and the dome surface velocity field. Superimposed on these events is accumulation, which buries the original shear margin but elevates the scar surface expression. Depending upon the timing of shut-flown, and the relative magnitude of these processes, the height of the scars above the current rapidly flowing surfaces may be indicative of ice-sheet thinning since shut-down, or dome expansion across former ice-stream trunks in a more or less steady-state ice sheet.