Contrary to the assertion of Paris, diverse indicators suggest that the diagnosis and treatment of dissociative identity disorder (DID) are resurgent rather than retreating. This commentary reviews the evidence that justifies the description of this condition as controversial, including research into dissociative amnesia. The potential harm that can result from a diagnosis of DID and risky treatment techniques, including hypnosis and abreaction, are described. It is suggested that this scientifically unproven and potentially harmful treatment model should be confronted and quelled and its diagnosis and treatment subjected to critical clinical review, including randomised controlled trials, as a matter of urgency. A plea is made for the Royal College of Psychiatrists to update its 1997 guidance document and for professional training to incorporate updated psychological and neurobiological research on human memory.
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