Impaired parenting may lie on the causal pathway between paternal depression
and children's outcomes. We use the first four surveys of the Millennium
Cohort Study to investigate the association between paternal depressive
symptoms and fathers' parenting (negative, positive and involvement).
Findings suggest that postnatal paternal depressive symptoms are associated
with fathers' negative parenting. This has implications for the design of
intervention programmes for parents with depression and young children.