The motion of a viscous droplet in unbounded Poiseuille flow under the combined influence of bulk-insoluble surfactant and linearly varying temperature field aligned in the direction of imposed flow is studied analytically. Neglecting fluid inertia, thermal convection and shape deformation, asymptotic analysis is performed to obtain the velocity of a force-free surfactant-laden droplet. The droplet speed and direction of motion are strongly influenced by the interfacial transport of surfactant, which is governed by surface Péclet number. The present study is focused on the following two limiting situations of surfactant transport: (i) surface-diffusion-dominated surfactant transport considering small surface Péclet number, and (ii) surface-convection-dominated surfactant transport considering high surface Péclet number. Thermocapillary-induced Marangoni stress, the strength of which relative to viscous stress is represented by the thermal Marangoni number, has a strong influence on the distribution of surfactant on the droplet surface. The present study shows that the motion of a surfactant-laden droplet in the combined presence of temperature and imposed Poiseuille flow cannot be obtained by a simple superposition of the following two independent results: migration of a surfactant-free droplet in a temperature gradient, and the motion of a surfactant-laden droplet in a Poiseuille flow. The temperature field not only affects the axial velocity of the droplet, but also has a non-trivial effect on the cross-stream velocity of the droplet in spite of the fact that the temperature gradient is aligned with the Poiseuille flow direction. When the imposed temperature increases in the direction of the Poiseuille flow, the droplet migrates towards the flow centreline. The magnitude of both axial and cross-stream velocity components increases with the thermal Marangoni number. However, when the imposed temperature decreases in the direction of the Poiseuille flow, the magnitude of both axial and cross-stream velocity components may increase or decrease with the thermal Marangoni number. Most interestingly, the droplet moves either towards the flow centreline or away from it. The present study shows a critical value of the thermal Marangoni number beyond which the droplet moves away from the flow centreline which is in sharp contrast to the motion of a surfactant-laden droplet in isothermal flow, for which the droplet always moves towards the flow centreline. Interestingly, we show that the above picture may become significantly altered in the case where the droplet is not a neutrally buoyant one. When the droplet is less dense than the suspending medium, the presence of gravity in the direction of the Poiseuille flow can lead to cross-stream motion of the droplet away from the flow centreline even when the temperature increases in the direction of the Poiseuille flow. These results may bear far-reaching consequences in various emulsification techniques in microfluidic devices, as well as in biomolecule synthesis, vesicle dynamics, single-cell analysis and nanoparticle synthesis.