In the first interstate case after the reform of 1998, the European Court of Human Rights, sitting as a grand chamber of seventeen judges, rendered the longest judgment in its history. It ruled in Cyprus v. Turkey, that Turkey was responsible for various breaches of the European Convention on Human Rights (Convention) in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (TRNC) . It also affirmed the applicability of the requirement of exhaustion of local remedies.
The case originated in an application that Cyprus lodged against Turkey with the formerEuropean Commission of Human Rights in November 1994. Cyprus alleged that, with respect to the situation that has existed in Cyprus since the start of Turkey's military operations in northern Cyprus in July 1974, Turkey was in breach of the entire set of human rights guaranteed by the Convention (Articles 1-11, 13, 14, and 17), with the exception of the right to marry (Article 12). The complaints referred to Greek Cypriot missing persons and their relatives, to the homes and property of displaced persons, and to the living conditions of both Greek and Turkish Cypriots living in northern Cyprus.