The dynamics of interacting vortex filaments in an incompressible fluid, which are nearly parallel, have been approximated in the Klein–Majda–Damodaran model. The regime considers the deflection of each filament from a central axis; that is to say, the vortex filaments are assumed to be roughly parallel and centred along parallel lines. While this model has attracted a fair amount of mathematical interest in the recent literature, particularly concerning the existence of certain specific vortex filament structures, our aim is to generalise several known interesting filament solutions, found in the self-induced motion of a single vortex filament, to the case of pairwise interactions between multiple vortex filaments under the Klein–Majda–Damodaran model by means of asymptotic and numerical methods. In particular, we obtain asymptotic solutions for counter-rotating and co-rotating vortex filament pairs that are separated by a distance, so that the vortex filaments always remain sufficiently far apart, as well as intertwined vortex filaments that are in close proximity, exhibiting overlapping orbits. For each scenario, we consider both co- and counter-rotating pairwise interactions, and the specific kinds of solutions obtained for each case consist of planar filaments, for which motion is purely rotational, as well as travelling wave and self-similar solutions, both of which change their form as they evolve in time. We choose travelling waves, planar filaments and self-similar solutions for the initial filament configurations, as these are common vortex filament structures in the literature, and we use the dynamics under the Klein–Majda–Damodaran model to see how these structures are modified in time under pairwise interaction dynamics. Numerical simulations for each case demonstrate the validity of the asymptotic solutions. Furthermore, we develop equations to study a co-rotating hierarchy of many satellite vortices orbiting around a central filament. We numerically show that such configurations are unstable for plane-wave solutions, which lead to collapse of the hierarchy. We also consider more general travelling wave and self-similar solutions for co-rotating hierarchies, and these give what appears to be chaotic dynamics.