Previous studies of nineteenth-century Egypt have often been premature in identifying the existence of an independent nation state. In a way which will permanently affect our view of Egyptian history, this book argues that in the mid-nineteenth-century period Egypt was still an Ottoman province, with a provincial Ottoman elite which was only gradually becoming Egyptian. Part one discusses the creation of a dynastic order in Egypt, especially under Abbas Pasa (1848-1854), and the formation of an Ottoman-Egyptian ruling class. Part two deals with the non-elite groups, the vast majority of Egypt's population. A final chapter offers a convincing picture of the social and cultural life of the period in a way which has never before been attempted in a Middle East context. The author's valuable knowledge of Ottoman and Arabic as well as European documents and his use of a wide variety of sources, including police and court records, chronicles and travel literature, have enabled him to make an important contribution to a neglected period of Egyptian history and indeed to our understanding of other provinces and dependencies in the region.
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- Date Published: February 2003
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9780521534536
- length: 336 pages
- dimensions: 229 x 152 x 23 mm
- weight: 0.502kg
- contains: 10 b/w illus.
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
List of plates
Note on transliteration, dates, and references
Introduction: the forgotten years
Part I. The Ottoman-Egyptian Elite in the Middle of the Nineteenth Century: Introduction
1. Dissent and opposition
2. Creation of a dynastic order
3. The mainstay of dynastic order - the elite
4. The realities of office holding
5. The demon-image of Abbas Pasa: evidence and counter-evidence
6. The demon-image as a product of elite culture
Part II. The Social Divide and the Life of the Lower Strata: Introduction
7. The great social divide in Egyptian society
8. The rural squeeze - pressure and resistance in the countryside
9. Rural migrants and urban attitudes
10. The urban squeeze
11. The network of urban control
12. The use of unappropriated time
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