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The Backbone of History
Health and Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere

£35.99

Alan H. Goodman, Debra L. Martin, Richard H. Steckel, Paul W. Sciulli, Jerome C. Rose, Robert McCaa, Shelly Saunders, Ann Herring, Larry Sawchuck, Gerry Boyce, Rob Hoppa, Susan Klepp, Rosanne L. Higgins, Michael R. Haines, Lorena Walsh, Joyce E. Sirianni, Paul S. Sledzik, Lars G. Sandberg, Ted A. Rathbun, James Davidson, Myron Gutmann, Michael Haines, Keith Condon, Cindy Condon, Rebecca Storey, Lourdes Marquez Morfin, Vernon Smith, Rebecca Storey, Andres Del Angel, Douglas H. Ubelaker, Linda A. Newson, Walter Neves, Verônica Wesolowski, Clark Larsen, Alfred Crosby, James Oberly, Ann L. W. Stodder, Debra L. Martin, Daniel T. Reff, Phillip L. Walker, Russell Thornton, S. Ryan Johansson, Douglas Owsley, Richard H. Steckel, George J. Armelagos, Peter J. Brown, Philip D. Curtin
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  • Date Published: May 2005
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521617444

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About the Authors
  • For the same reasons that explorers of the early twentieth century strove to reach the poles, and their modern counterparts journey to outer space, most people want to visualize the contours of the human experience - the peaks of adaptive success that led to the expansion of civilization, and the troughs in which human presence ebbed. The Backbone of History defines the emerging field of macrobioarchaeology by gathering skeletal evidence on seven basic indicators of health to assess chronic conditions that affected individuals who lived in the Western Hemisphere from 5000 BC to the late nineteenth century. Signs of biological stress in childhood and of degeneration in joints and in teeth increased in the several millennia before the arrival of Columbus as populations moved into less healthy ecological environments. Thus, pre-Colombian Native Americans were among the healthiest and the least healthy groups to live in the Western Hemisphere before the twentieth century.

    • Most comprehensive examination to date of skeletal measures of health
    • Based upon the work of highly interdisciplinary research teams
    • A self-contained presentation, with chapters on methodology, applications, and conclusions
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    Product details

    • Date Published: May 2005
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521617444
    • length: 654 pages
    • dimensions: 233 x 153 x 37 mm
    • weight: 0.89kg
    • contains: 64 b/w illus. 18 maps 140 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I:
    1. Introduction
    Part II. Methodology:
    2. Reconstructing health profiles from skeletal remains Alan H. Goodman and Debra L. Martin
    3. A health index from skeletal remains Richard H. Steckel, Paul W. Sciulli and Jerome C. Rose
    4. Paleodemography of the Americas Robert McCaa
    Part III. Euro-Americans and African Americans in North America:
    5. The health of the middle class: the St. Thomas Anglican church cemetery project Shelly Saunders, Ann Herring, Larry Sawchuck, Gerry Boyce, Rob Hoppa and Susan Klepp
    6. The poor in the mid-nineteenth century Northeastern United States Rosanne L. Higgins, Michael R. Haines, Lorena Walsh and Joyce E. Sirianni
    7. The effects of nineteenth-century military service on health Paul S. Sledzik and Lars G. Sandberg
    8. The health of slaves and free blacks in the East Ted A. Rathbun and Richard H. Steckel
    9. The quality of African American life in the Southwest near the turn of the twentieth century James Davidson, Jerome Rose, Myron Gutmann, Michael Haines, Keith Condon and Cindy Condon
    Part IV. Native Americans in Central America:
    10. Social disruption and the Maya civilization of Mesoamerica Rebecca Storey, Lourdes Marquez Morfin and Vernon Smith
    11. Health and nutrition in some Prehispanic Mesoamerican populations related with their way of life Lourdes Marquez Morfin, Robert McCaa, Rebecca Storey and Andres Del Angel
    Part V. Native Americans and Euro-Americans in South America:
    12. Patterns of health and nutrition in prehistoric and historic Ecuador Douglas H. Ubelaker and Linda A. Newson
    13. Economy, nutrition and disease in Southern, Coastal Brazil Walter Neves and Verônica Wesolowski
    Part VI. Native Americans in North America:
    14. A biohistory of health and behavior in the Georgia Bight Clark Larsen, Alfred Crosby, et al.
    15. Native Americans of Eastern North America Paul W. Sciulli and James Oberly
    16. Cultural longevity in the face of biological stress Ann L. W. Stodder, Debra L. Martin, Alan H. Goodman and Daniel T. Reff
    17. Health, nutrition, and demographic change in Native California Phillip L. Walker and Russell Thornton
    18. Welfare history on the Great Plains S. Ryan Johansson and Douglas Owsley
    Part VII:
    19. Patterns of health in the Western Hemisphere Richard H. Steckel and Jerome C. Rose
    Part VIII:
    20. Conclusions Richard H. Steckel and Jerome C. Rose
    Part IX. Epilogue:
    21. The body as evidence: the body of evidence George J. Armelagos and Peter J. Brown
    22. Over-specialization and remedies Philip D. Curtin.

  • Editors

    Richard H. Steckel, Ohio State University
    Richard H. Steckel is Professor of Economics and Anthropology at Ohio State University. His most recent publications include Health and Welfare During Industrialization, which he coedited with Roderick Floud, and A Population History of the United States, which he co-edited with Michael Haines.

    Jerome C. Rose, University of Arkansas
    Jerome C. Rose is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Arkansas. He has conducted bioarcheological excavations in Illinois, Arkansas, Texas, Egypt, and Jordan.

    Contributors

    Alan H. Goodman, Debra L. Martin, Richard H. Steckel, Paul W. Sciulli, Jerome C. Rose, Robert McCaa, Shelly Saunders, Ann Herring, Larry Sawchuck, Gerry Boyce, Rob Hoppa, Susan Klepp, Rosanne L. Higgins, Michael R. Haines, Lorena Walsh, Joyce E. Sirianni, Paul S. Sledzik, Lars G. Sandberg, Ted A. Rathbun, James Davidson, Myron Gutmann, Michael Haines, Keith Condon, Cindy Condon, Rebecca Storey, Lourdes Marquez Morfin, Vernon Smith, Rebecca Storey, Andres Del Angel, Douglas H. Ubelaker, Linda A. Newson, Walter Neves, Verônica Wesolowski, Clark Larsen, Alfred Crosby, James Oberly, Ann L. W. Stodder, Debra L. Martin, Daniel T. Reff, Phillip L. Walker, Russell Thornton, S. Ryan Johansson, Douglas Owsley, Richard H. Steckel, George J. Armelagos, Peter J. Brown, Philip D. Curtin

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