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Deliberation, Democracy, and Civic Forums
Improving Equality and Publicity


Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael, Allen S. Hammond, IV
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  • Date Published: August 2016
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781107630727

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About the Authors
  • Innovative forums that integrate citizen deliberation into policy making are revitalizing democracy in many places around the world. Yet controversy abounds over whether these forums ought to be seen as authentic sources of public opinion and how they should fit with existing political institutions. How can civic forums include less powerful citizens and ensure that their perspectives are heard on equal terms with more privileged citizens, officials, and policy experts? How can these fragile institutions communicate citizens' policy preferences effectively and legitimately to the rest of the political system? Deliberation, Democracy, and Civic Forums proposes creative solutions for improving equality and publicity, which are grounded in new theories about democratic deliberation, a careful review of research and practice in the field, and several original studies. This book speaks to scholars, practitioners, and sponsors of civic engagement, public management and consultation, and deliberative and participatory democracy.

    • Focuses on new civic forums that are re-engaging citizens in democracy
    • Includes original theory and research on civic deliberation and democracy
    • Proposes creative solutions that allow disempowered citizens to participate equally in politics
    • Illuminates how civic forums can play a more powerful role in the political system
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'On the basis of careful normative argument, attention to practical examples, and empirical evidence, Karpowitz and Raphael derive important lessons for deliberative democracy. They show that discussions in 'enclaves' of similar people can be valuable and how crucial the communication of results of a deliberation are to the broader public.' Peter Levine, Lincoln Filene Professor of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Tufts University, Massachusetts

    'If it is to survive this century, democracy has to mature. Karpowitz and Raphael offer guidance for those who seek to make democracy more participatory and deliberative. They cast a critical eye on research and reform from recent decades in hopes of making future attempts at democratic innovation more egalitarian and legitimate in the context of the vital political institutions and practices already in place. Whether you want to transform our modern political institutions or understand the transformation taking place, this book is essential reading.' John Gastil, Communication Arts and Sciences and Political Science, The Pennsylvania State University

    'An important contribution to our understanding of democracy that is both hopeful and realistic. Based on a sound grasp of theory, evidence, and experience, Karpowitz and Raphael show, in clear and accessible prose, how deliberation by ordinary citizens on important public questions can improve our democracy.' Stephen Macedo, Laurance S. Rockefeller Professor of Politics, University Center for Human Values, Princeton University

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    Product details

    • Date Published: August 2016
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781107630727
    • length: 414 pages
    • dimensions: 228 x 152 x 23 mm
    • weight: 0.6kg
    • contains: 45 b/w illus. 19 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Democratic deliberation in civic forums
    Part I. Equality:
    2. Enclave deliberation of the disempowered Christopher F. Karpowitz and Chad Raphael with Allen S. Hammond, IV
    3. Enclave deliberation about the digital divide
    Part II. Publicity:
    4. Deliberative publicity
    5. Argumentation
    6. Transparency
    7. Strengthening deliberative civic forums.

  • Authors

    Christopher F. Karpowitz, Brigham Young University, Utah
    Christopher F. Karpowitz is an Associate Professor of Political Science and the Co-Director of the Center for the Study of Elections and Democracy at Brigham Young University, Utah. He is a co-author of The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions (2014) and of Democracy at Risk: How Political Choices Undermine Citizen Participation, and What We Can Do about It (2005). He has published in a variety of journals, including the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, the Journal of Politics, Public Opinion Quarterly, the British Journal of Political Science, Perspectives on Politics, Political Communication, Politics and Society, PS: Political Science and Politics, and the Journal of Public Deliberation. Prior to joining Brigham Young University, he was a postdoctoral fellow in democracy and human values at Princeton University's Center for Human Values.

    Chad Raphael, Santa Clara University, California
    Chad Raphael is a Professor of Communication at Santa Clara University, California. He is the author of Investigated Reporting: Muckrakers, Regulators, and the Struggle over Television Documentary (2005), which won the Frank Luther Mott–Kappa Tau Alpha Research Award for the best book on journalism and mass communication, the Donald McGannon Award for social and ethical relevance in communications policy research, and the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication History Division Award for best book. He has published in many journals, including Political Communication, Politics and Society, Communication Law and Policy, Journalism Studies, the Journal of Educational Computing Research, the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, and Games and Culture, and in many edited volumes. He consults for non-profit organizations on their communication strategies and is former chair of the board at the Jessie Smith Noyes Foundation and the Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition. Before entering academia, he was a community organizer on affordable housing and environmental issues.


    Christopher F. Karpowitz, Chad Raphael, Allen S. Hammond, IV

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