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Chapter 15

Student resources for Chapter 15: Second Language Acquisition

Study guide for Chapter 15: Second Language Acquisition

You should be able to simply define or explain the following terms and concepts.

Second language acquisition (SLA) U-shaped learning
L1 and L2 Interlanguage
Critical Period Hypothesis (CPH) Fossilization
Communicative competence Automaticity
Lingua franca Monitor
Collocations Affective filter
Lexical bundles Interaction Hypothesis
Nativist theories of SLA Negotiation for meaning
Functional, discourse-based theories Sociocultural theories of SLA

On completion of this chapter, you should be able to perform the following tasks:

  • Discuss why learning L2 proununciation is more difficult than L1 pronunciation.

  • Describe “communicative competence” and give examples of how some classrooms aim to develop communicative competence among L2 learners.

  • Explain how corpus analyses can be useful in the teaching or learning of L2 vocabulary.

  • Explain why second language learners might make L2 errors that are due to the influence of their L1. And why might they make L2 errors that are due to factors other than L1 interference?

  • Give an example of U-shaped learning.

  • Briefly describe the Interaction Hypothesis and give an example of how speakers negotiate for meaning.

  • Briefly discuss the roles of cognitive processes and sociocultural factors in SLA.

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