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The Protection of Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge in International Law of Intellectual Property


Part of Cambridge Intellectual Property and Information Law

  • Date Published: December 2009
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521199445

£ 91.99

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About the Authors
  • The relationships between international intellectual property treaties, the United Nations international environmental treaties (first and foremost the Convention on Biological Diversity), the relevant customary norms and soft law form a complex network of obligations that sometimes conflict with each other. The first set of treaties creates private rights while the latter affirms the sovereignty rights of States over genetic resources and related knowledge and creates international regimes of exploitation of the same. Jonathan Curci proposes solutions to the conflicts between treaties through the concept of 'mutual supportiveness', including the construction of a national-access and benefit-sharing regime, mandatory contractual provisions in relevant international contracts, a defensive protection when genetic resource-related traditional knowledge is unjustly patented through the analysis of the concepts of 'ordre public and morality', 'certificate of origin' in the patent application and 'novelty-destroying prior art' and positive protection through existing and sui generis intellectual property rights and misappropriation regimes.

    • Explores existing methods of protecting traditional knowledge and biodiversity in comparative intellectual property law
    • Analyses the contractual aspects of the relationships between industrial parties and indigenous communities, with the aim of attaining equitable benefit sharing
    • Reconciles conflicting treaties without referring to the solution of one treaty provision prevailing upon another
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'Jonathan Curci's monograph examines the international legal regime which seeks to regulate the commercial exploitation of genetic resources from an international law perspective. … These options are worthy of a more extended analysis.' European Intellectual Property Review

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    Product details

    • Date Published: December 2009
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521199445
    • length: 360 pages
    • dimensions: 234 x 158 x 21 mm
    • weight: 0.69kg
    • contains: 3 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. The Main Problems:
    1. Introduction to legal issues related to genetic resources and traditional knowledge in the international property system
    Part II. The Protection of Genetic Resources in Intellectual Property Law:
    2. The TRIPS agreement and the patent protection of genetic resources
    3. The relationship between the TRIPS agreement and treaties protecting genetic resources and traditional knowledge
    Part III. The Protection of Traditional Knowledge in the International Patent System:
    4. Towards clearer legal definitions
    5. The construction of an access and benefit sharing regime and intellectual property issues: criteria and options
    6. The defensive protection of traditional knowledge in international patent law
    7. Positive protection of traditional knowledge
    8. Final observations.

  • Author

    Jonathan Curci, Touro International University, Rome
    Jonathan Curci is an invited professor in international law and relations at Lecce University Law School, Italy, and Academic Development Counsel of Touro International University, Rome. He is also assistant professor of international law at the Law School of Al Quds University in Abu Dies-Jerusalem, Israel-Palestine.

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