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Animal Groups in Three Dimensions

Animal Groups in Three Dimensions
How Species Aggregate

£89.99

Elizabeth A. Bryant, Lawrence M. Dill, Leah Edelstein-Keshett, Charles H. Greene, Daniel Grunbaum, William M. Hamner, Frank Heppner, C. S. Holling, Terumi Ikawa, Jules S. Jaffe, Simon A. Levin, William McFarland, Kenneth S. Norris, Hidehiko Okabe, Akira Okubo, Jon Osborn, L. H. Palmer, Julia K. Parrish, Charles T. Prewitt, David A. Ritz, William L. Romey, Carl R. Schilt, Gregory Simons, Peter Turchin, Kevin Warburton, Peter H. Wiebe, Jeannette Yen
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  • Date Published: March 1998
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521460248

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About the Authors
  • This book is about the ways in which many animals form groups; for instance, schools of fish, flocks of birds, and swarms of insects. Covering both invertebrate and vertebrate species, the authors investigate three-dimensional animal aggregations from a variety of disciplines, from physics to mathematics to biology. The first section is devoted to the various methods, mainly optical and acoustic, used to collect three-dimensional data over time. The second section focuses on analytical methods used to quantify pattern, group kinetics, and interindividual interactions within the group. The section on behavioural ecology and evolution deals with the functions of aggregative behaviour from the point of view of an inherently selfish individual member. The final section uses models to elucidate how group dynamics at the individual level creates emergent pattern at the level of the group.

    • Four approaches covering fields from physics to biology
    • First comprehensive overview of three-dimensional animal aggregation, from crustaceans to cetaceans
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    Reviews & endorsements

    ' … worthwhile book with something in it for everyone who is interested in animal groups.' Ethology

    ' … has definite possibilities for the imaginative production of project work at the undergraduate level, using some concepts of applied mathematics and many standard techniques of calculus and statistics.' Peter Giblin, The Mathematical Gazette

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    Product details

    • Date Published: March 1998
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521460248
    • length: 402 pages
    • dimensions: 254 x 178 x 30 mm
    • weight: 1.19kg
    • contains: 104 b/w illus.
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Unifying principles, galactic framework, and the holy grails of aggregation Julia K. Parrish, William M. Hamner and Charles T. Prewitt
    Part I. Imaging and Measurement:
    2. Methods for three-dimensional sensing of animals Jules S. Jaffe
    3. Analytical and digital photogrammetry Jon Osborn
    4. Acoustic visualization of three-dimensional animal aggregations in the ocean Charles H. Green and Peter H. Wiebe
    5. Three-dimensional structure and dynamics of bird flocks Frank Heppner
    6. Three-dimensional measurements of swarming mosquitos: a probabilistic model, measuring system, and example output Terumi Ikawa and Hidehiko Okabe
    Part II. Analysis:
    7. Quantitative analysis of animal movements in congregations Peter Turchin
    8. Movements of animals in congregations: an Eularian analysis of bark beetle swarming Peter Turchin and Gregory Simons
    9. Individual decisions, traffic rules, and emergent pattern in schooling fish Julia K. Parrish and Peter Turchin
    10. Aggregate behavior in zooplankton: phototactic swarming in four developmental stages of Coullana canadensis (Copepoda harpacticoida) Jeannette Yen and Elizabeth A. Bryant
    Part III. Behavioural Ecology and Evolution:
    11. Is the sum of the parts equal to the whole?: the conflict between individuality and group membership William M. Hamner and Julia K. Parrish
    12. Why are some members more likely to be on the outside of the group?: Testing the evolutionary predictions William L. Romey
    13. Costs and benefits as a function of group size: experiments on a swarming mysid Paramesopodopsis rufa fenton David A. Ritz
    14. Predicting the three-dimensional structure of animal aggregations from functional consideration: The role of information Lawrence M. Dill, C. S. Holling and L. H. Palmer
    15. Perspectives on sensory integration systems: problems, opportunities, and predictions Carl R. Schilt and Kenneth S. Norris
    Part IV. Models:
    16. Conceptual and methodological issues in the modeling of biological aggregations Simon A. Levin
    17. Schooling as a strategy for chemotaxis in a noisy environment Daniel Grunbaum
    18. Trail following as an adaptable mechanism for popular behavior Leah Edelstein-Keshett
    19. Metabolic models of fish school behaviour: The need for quantitative observations William McFarland and Akira Okubo
    20. Social forces in animal congregations: interactive, motivational and sensory aspects Kevin Warburton.

  • Editors

    Julia K. Parrish, University of Washington

    William M. Hamner, University of California, Los Angeles

    Contributors

    Elizabeth A. Bryant, Lawrence M. Dill, Leah Edelstein-Keshett, Charles H. Greene, Daniel Grunbaum, William M. Hamner, Frank Heppner, C. S. Holling, Terumi Ikawa, Jules S. Jaffe, Simon A. Levin, William McFarland, Kenneth S. Norris, Hidehiko Okabe, Akira Okubo, Jon Osborn, L. H. Palmer, Julia K. Parrish, Charles T. Prewitt, David A. Ritz, William L. Romey, Carl R. Schilt, Gregory Simons, Peter Turchin, Kevin Warburton, Peter H. Wiebe, Jeannette Yen

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