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Records of Jordan 1919–1965

Records of Jordan 1919–1965
14 Volume Hardback Set

Cambridge Archive Editions
  • Date Published: April 1996
  • availability: Available
  • format: Multiple copy pack
  • isbn: 9781852076450

Multiple copy pack

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  • This is the definitive document collection on the creation and development of today«s Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan. Detailed records on Jordanian relations with neighbour states provide invaluable background for the Middle East peace process and documentary evidence of key events and issues in the first 45 years of Jordanian history: the creation of Transjordan; the formation of boundaries with Syria and Iraq; boundaries with Hijaz and Nejd and relations with Ibn Saud; the reigns of Abdullah and Talal, and later the reign of King Hussein; post-war relations with Arab states, US and Britain; the relationship between King Hussein and President Nasser; the status of Jerusalem; Jordan Valley water problems; concerns with the Baghdad Pact, the Arab League and the United Nations; the role of King Hussein in the Arab-Israel conflict; issues concerning the creation of the PLO; regular detailed information on King Hussein's administration and personal survival.

    • Facsimile collections of key documents from archive sources
    • Previously unknown or fragmented material now available in a coherent collection
    • Carefully selected and edited for maximum value to researchers and scholars
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    Product details

    • Date Published: April 1996
    • Format: Multiple copy pack
    • Isbn: 9781852076450
    • Length: 1000 pages
    • Dimensions: 599 x 408 x 261 mm
    • Weight: 23.5kg
    • Availability: Available
    • Paper:  Printed on acid free paper 
    • Binding: Library bindings with gilt finish. The front cover carries the Jordanian crest. 
    • Resume


      Archive Editions presents the definitive document collection on the creation and development of today's Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan. Here are 14 volumes comprising some 10000 pages of detailed records on Jordanian relations with neighbour states providing invaluable background for the Middle East peace process.

      Records of Jordan 1919-1965 provides documentary evidence of key events and issues in the first 45 years of Jordanian history including: the creation of Transjordan; the formation of boundaries with Syria and Iraq; boundaries with Hijaz and Nejd and relations with Ibn Saud; the reigns of Abdullah and Talal, and later the reign of King Hussein; post-war relations with Arab states, US and Britain; the relationship between King Hussein and President Nasser; the status of Jerusalem; Jordan Valley water problems; concerns with the Baghdad Pact, the Arab League and the United Nations; the role of King Hussein in the Arab-Israel conflict; issues concerning the creation of the PLO; regular detailed information on King Hussein's administration and personal survival. 

    • Historical Overview


      Extract From the Editor's Preface

      The documents relating to the British Mandate from 1920 deal with the problems of establishing the boundaries of Transjordan and particularly the tensions between Ibn Saud and King Abdullah over Ibn Saud's claims to Aqaba and Ma'an. In 1946, Transjordan achieved independence, although it was still financially dependent on Britain, a dependence which was formalised by the military annex in the Anglo-Transjordan Treaty.

      Abdullah's moderate position towards Israel, however, was challenged within Jordan and by neighbouring Arab states. The formal union between Eastern and Western Jordan of 1950 increased the influence of West Bank opinion on Jordanian politics and led to a deterioration in relations between Jordan and Israel. In 1951 Abdullah was assassinated and his successor Talal abdicated due to mental illness. This political instability was exacerbated by the influx of refugees from Palestine.

      In 1953 Hussein was crowned king and presided over an increasingly pro-Egyptian and pro-soviet political orientation. Jordan refused to join the American-sponsored Baghdad Pact and signed a military agreement with Egypt and Syria. By February 1958 Jordanian policy had changed and had become more sympathetic to the West. Jordan and the pro-Western Kingdom of Iraq announced their unification, but the union was short-lived. Revolution in Baghdad on 14 July 1958 and the assassination of the Iraqi Royal family led to the dissolution of the union and the greater reliance of Jordan on the United States, Britain and Israel for her defence. In 1961 Jordanian-Egyptian relations deteriorated due to King Hussein's haste in recognising the new regime in Syria after the coup d'etat which resulted in her withdrawal from the UAR.
      The papers of 1965 document the increasing rift between Hussein and the PLO, and the danger which the organisation presented to Jordan's fragile stability. They also show Jordan's increasing dependence on the United States for financial support and efforts to achieve a stable relationship with the UAR and Saudi Arabia during the Yemeni conflict.

      While an attempt has been made to ensure that this collection presents as comprehensive a picture as possible, in the earlier period this is more difficult to achieve as many records have not survived and many files on sensitive issues are still closed to the public. 

    • Documentary Importance


      This collection includes a selection of Foreign Office and Colonial Office records tracing the history of the state of Jordan from its establishment as the British Mandate of Transjordan at the San Remo Conference of 1920 to the year 1965, after which British Government files remained closed at the time of going to press. A small amount of Cabinet Office Papers are also included. The documents illustrate the sensitive political and strategic position of Jordan and its rulers' attempts to maintain stability and independence in the face of superpower rivalry and political turbulence, both domestic and regional. 

    • Arrangement of Volumes


      CONTENTS OUTLINE
      Highlights from the Volumes

      Volume 1: 1919-1922
      Territorial adjustments in the Middle East
      Character of Emir Abdullah
      Status and fortune of the Hashimites
      The embryonic state of Transjordan
      Emir Abdullah and Syria
      Defence and finance
      Wahhabi influence in Transjordan
      Volume 2: 1923-1926
      Proposed treaty with Hussein
      Rebellion of the Adwan
      The Arab Legion
      The Kuwait Conference 1924
      Boundaries with Hijaz, Nejd, Iraq
      Abdication of King Hussein
      Boundary settlement with Ibn Saud
      Rebellion in Syria
      Volume 3: 1927-1932
      The Ma'an-Aqaba question
      Tribal affairs
      Terrorist activity
      The Ottoman debt
      Civil unrest
      Ibn Rifada revolt
      Volume 4: 1932-1939
      Position of Transjordan in Arab world
      Relations with Saudi Arabia: tribes and frontiers
      Emir Abdullah: relations with Jews
      Oil affairs, the Aqaba-Haifa pipeline
      Proposals for partition of Palestine
      Volume 5: 1939-1947
      Constitution of Transjordan
      Attitude to the war
      Arab unity and the Arab League
      Attitude to partition of Palestine
      Relations with Britain and USA
      Possible union of Transjordan with Iraq
      King Abdullah and Greater Syria
      Volume 6: 1948-1950
      Anglo-Transjordan Treaty revision
      The future of Palestine
      Settlement of refugees
      Relations with Egypt, Iran, etc.
      Jordan-Israel border incidents
      Volume 7: 1950-1953
      Assassination of King Abdullah
      Negotiations with Israel and UN
      The Arab Legion; Glubb Pasha
      Constitution of Jordan
      The Royal Family - departure of King Talal
      The Royal Family - accession of King Hussein
      Evidence of communism in Jordan
      Volume 8: 1953-1955

      Jordan-Israel border dispute
      Dispute over Jordan river water
      Jordan Valley scheme
      Status of Jerusalem
      Volume 9: 1955-1956
      The Baghdad Pact
      Strength of Israeli armed forces
      Volume 10: 1956-1958
      Military aid to Jordan
      Future of Arab Legion
      Position of King Hussein
      Relations with US: the Eisenhower Doctrine
      Assassination of Iraqi royal family: impact on Jordan
      Volume 11: 1958-1960
      Proposal for union of Jordan and Iraq
      Mount Scopus and the Jerusalem boundary
      Defence of Jordan
      Volume 12: 1960-1962
      Reports on King Hussein
      Relations with Arab states
      Jordanian foreign policy
      Coup in Syria
      Volume 13: 1962-1963
      Relations with US and UK
      Relations with Arab States and Arab League
      Frontier disputes with Israel, UN involvement
      Jordan River and irrigation questions
      Dismissal of Governor of Jerusalem
      Public relations of King Hussein
      Volume 14: 1963-1965
      Cairo talks on Arab unity
      Anglo-US contingency plans for Jordan
      Arab policy towards Palestine
      The Jordan Arab Army
      King Hussein's travels

  • Editor

    J. Priestland

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