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Science and Civilisation in China

Science and Civilisation in China

Volume 2. History of Scientific Thought

Part of Science and Civilisation in China

  • Date Published: March 1956
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521058001


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About the Authors
  • The second volume of Dr Joseph Needham's great work Science and Civilisation in China is devoted to the history of scientific thought. Beginning with ancient times, it describes the Confucian milieu in which arose the organic naturalism of the great Taoist school, the scientific philosophy of the Mohists and Logicians, and the quantitative materialism of the Legalists. Thus we are brought on to the fundamental ideas which dominated scientific thinking in the Chinese middle ages. The author opens his discussion by considering the remote and pictographic origins of words fundamental in scientific discourse, and then sets forth the influential doctrines of the Two Forces and the Five Elements. Subsequently he writes of the important sceptical tradition, the effects of Buddhist thought, and the Neo-Confucian climax of Chinese naturalism. Last comes a discussion of the conception of Laws of Nature in China and the West.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: March 1956
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521058001
    • length: 722 pages
    • dimensions: 254 x 193 x 52 mm
    • weight: 1.774kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    List of illustrations
    List of tables
    List of abbreviations
    Author's note
    8. Introduction
    9. The Ju Chia (Confucians) and Confucianism
    10. The Tao Chia (Taoists) and Taoism
    11. The Mo Chia (Mohists) and the Ming Chia (Logicians)
    12. The fundamental ideas of Chinese science
    14. The Pseudo-Sciences and the sceptical tradition
    15. Buddhist thought
    16. Chin and Thang Taoists, and Sung Neo-Confucians
    17. Sung and Ming idealists, and the last great figures of indigenous naturalism
    18. Human law and the laws of nature in China and the West
    General index.

  • Author

    Joseph Needham

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