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Look Inside War and Childhood in the Era of the Two World Wars

War and Childhood in the Era of the Two World Wars


Part of Publications of the German Historical Institute

Mischa Honeck, James Marten, Valentina Boretti, Kara Ritzheimer, L. Halliday Piel, Karl Qualls, Julie K. deGraffenried, Esbjörn Larsson, Kate James, Manon Pignot, Antje Harms, Nazan Maksudyan, Patricia Heberer Rice, Birgitte Søland, Robert Jacobs
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  • Date Published: February 2019
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781108478533

£ 75.00

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About the Authors
  • The histories of modern war and childhood were the result of competing urgencies. According to ideals of childhood widely accepted throughout the world by 1900, children should have been protected, even hidden, from conflict and danger. Yet at a time when modern ways of childhood became increasingly possible for economic, social, and political reasons, it became less possible to fully protect them in the face of massive industrialized warfare driven by geopolitical rivalries and expansionist policies. Taking a global perspective, the chapters in this book examine a wide range of experiences and places. In addition to showing how the engagement of children and youth with war differed according to geography, technology, class, age, race, gender, and the nature of the state, they reveal how children acquired agency during the twentieth century's greatest conflicts.

    • Maintains an interdisciplinary and global perspective
    • Enriches our understanding of the effects of war on society and the ways that civilians responded to war by portraying children as both victims and actors
    • Connects issues related to children and childhood over a key half-century of global history
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'This outstanding volume of essays addresses a central issue of twentieth-century warfare of why children who, in theory, should be shielded from involvement in war are instead continuously mobilized physically, emotionally, and imaginatively into war. It is a major contribution to our understanding of the history of children and childhood.' David M. Rosen, Fairleigh Dickinson University

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    Product details

    • Date Published: February 2019
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781108478533
    • length: 310 pages
    • dimensions: 235 x 158 x 18 mm
    • weight: 0.63kg
    • contains: 18 b/w illus.
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Introduction: more than victims: framing the history of modern childhood and war Mischa Honeck and James Marten
    Part I. Inspiring and Mobilizing:
    1. Patriotic fun: toys and mobilization in China from the Republican to the Communist era Valentina Boretti
    2. Forging a patriotic youth: penny dreadfuls and military censorship in WWI Germany Kara Ritzheimer
    3. Recruiting Japanese boys for the pioneer youth corps of Mongolia and Manchuria L. Halliday Piel
    4. Defining the ideal Soviet childhood: reportage about child evacuees from Spain as didactic literature Karl Qualls
    5. Learning more than letters: alphabet books in the Soviet Union and the United States during World War II Julie K. deGraffenried
    6. Boys and girls in the service of total war: defense service training in Swedish schools during World War II Esbjörn Larsson
    7. Good soldiers all? Democracy and discrimination in the Boy Scouts of America, 1941–5 Mischa Honeck
    Part II. Adapting and Surviving:
    8. Combatant children: ideologies and experiences of childhood in the Royal Navy and British Army, 1902–18 Kate James
    9. Drawing the Great War: children's personal representations of war and violence in France, Germany, and Russia Manon Pignot
    10. Bellicists, feminists, and deserters: youth, war, and the German youth movement, 1914–18 Antje Harms
    11. Boys without a country: Ottoman orphans in Germany during the First World War Nazan Maksudyan
    12. In their own words: children in the world of the Holocaust Patricia Heberer Rice
    13. The dark side of the 'good war': children and medical experimentation in the United States during World War II Birgitte Søland
    14. Attacking children with nuclear weapons: the centrality of children in American understandings of the bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki Robert Jacobs.

  • Editors

    Mischa Honeck, German Historical Institute, Washington DC
    Mischa Honeck teaches US and transatlantic history at the Humboldt University of Berlin. He was a research fellow at the German Historical Institute in Washington, DC, and is the author of Our Frontier Is the World: The Boy Scouts in the Age of American Ascendancy (2018).

    James Marten, Marquette University, Wisconsin
    James Marten was one of the founders of the Society for the History of Children and Youth and its president from 2013 to 2015. He edited the Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth from 2013 to 2018. His book The Children's Civil War (1998) was named an Outstanding Academic Title by Choice.


    Mischa Honeck, James Marten, Valentina Boretti, Kara Ritzheimer, L. Halliday Piel, Karl Qualls, Julie K. deGraffenried, Esbjörn Larsson, Kate James, Manon Pignot, Antje Harms, Nazan Maksudyan, Patricia Heberer Rice, Birgitte Søland, Robert Jacobs

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