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Philosophical Issues in Aristotle's Biology

Philosophical Issues in Aristotle's Biology


D. M. Balme, Montgomery Furth, G. E. R. Lloyd, James G. Lennox, Robert Bolton, Allan Gotthelf, John M. Cooper, Pierre Pellegrin, L. A. Kosman, Cynthia A. Freeland, William Charlton
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  • Date Published: October 1987
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521310918

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About the Authors
  • Aristotle's biological works - constituting over 25% of his surviving corpus and for centuries largely unstudied by philosophically oriented scholars - have been the subject of an increasing amount of attention of late. This collection brings together some of the best work that has been done in this area, with the aim of exhibiting the contribution that close study of these treatises can make to the understanding of Aristotle's philosophy. The book is divided into four parts, each with an introduction which places its essays in relation to each other and to the wider issues of the book as a whole. The first part is an overview of the relationship of Aristotle's biology to his philosophy; the other three each concentrate on a set of issues central to Aristotelian study - definition and demonstration; teleology and necessity in nature; and metaph themes such as the unity of matter and form and the nature of substance.

    Reviews & endorsements

    'This excellently planned and produced anthology is the proper answer to a long-felt need for the study of Aristotle's biological work … Particular attention is paid to the relationship of biology as a distinct inquiry and a set of principles to the broader philosophical problems of scientific knowledge and logic … Highly recommended for advanced students and specialists.' J. P. Anton, Choice

    'The collection represents some of the finest work currently being done on Aristotle's philosophy, and its comprehensive scope and unified theme will make the book most valuable to all who are interested in Aristotle's philosophy or the history and philosophy of biology.' Mary Louise Gill, Isis

    'The book will be essential reading for anyone working on substance, form, definition, teleology, etc. for a long time to come …'. Malcolm Schofield, Phronesis

    'Indeed the whole book is a mine of good things; Gotthelf, Lennox, and the other contributors deserve our congratulations and encouragement.' John Rist, Phoenix

    'It is obvious that Aristotelian studies has gained a new vitality, and the book is … a shining example of how the philosophy of science can enlighten the general history of ideas.' Gunnar Erikson, Lychnos (translated)

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    Product details

    • Date Published: October 1987
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521310918
    • length: 476 pages
    • dimensions: 223 x 154 x 30 mm
    • weight: 0.69kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. Biology and Philosophy: An Overview: Introduction
    1. The place of biology in Aristotle's philosophy D. M. Balme
    2. Aristotle's biological universe: an overview Montgomery Furth
    3. Empirical research in Aristotle's biology G. E. R. Lloyd
    Part II. Definition and Demonstration: Theory and Practice: Introduction
    4. Aristotle's use of division and differentiae D. M. Balme
    5. Divide and explain: the Posterior Analytics in practice James G. Lennox
    6. Definition and scientific method in Aristotle's Posterior Analytics and Generation of Animals Robert Bolton
    7. First principles in Aristotle's Parts of Animals Allan Gotthelf
    Part III. Teleology and Necessity in Nature: Introduction
    8. Aristotle's conception of final causality Allan Gotthelf
    9. Hypothetical necessity and natural teleology John M. Cooper
    10. Teleology and necessity D. M. Balme
    Part IV. Metaphysical Themes: Introduction
    11. Aristotle's biology was not essentialist D. M. Balme
    12. Logical difference and biological difference: the unity of Aristotle's thought Pierre Pellegrin
    13. Kinds, forms of kinds, and the more and the less in Aristotle's biology James G. Lennox
    14. Animals and other beings in Aristotle L. A. Kosman
    15. Aristotle on bodies, matter, and potentiality Cynthia A. Freeland
    16. Aristotle on the place of mind in nature William Charlton
    Index locorum
    General index.

  • Editors

    Allan Gotthelf, University of Pittsburgh

    James G. Lennox


    D. M. Balme, Montgomery Furth, G. E. R. Lloyd, James G. Lennox, Robert Bolton, Allan Gotthelf, John M. Cooper, Pierre Pellegrin, L. A. Kosman, Cynthia A. Freeland, William Charlton

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