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The Mechanism of Human Facial Expression


Part of Studies in Emotion and Social Interaction

R. Andrew Cuthbertson, Jean-François Debord, John T. Hueston, Paul Ekman
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  • Date Published: November 2006
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521032063

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About the Authors
  • In Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, the great nineteenth-century French neurologist Duchenne de Boulogne combined his intimate knowledge of facial anatomy with his skill in photography and expertise in using electricity to stimulate individual facial muscles to produce a fascinating interpretation of the ways in which the human face portrays emotions. This book was pivotal in the development of psychology and physiology as it marked the first time that photography had been used to illustrate, and therefore 'prove', a series of experiments. In this volume, Andrew Cuthbertson has provided an English translation of Duchenne, complete with a reproduction of the marvellous Album of photographs. The four commentary chapters by modern experts describe the relevance of Duchenne's findings to the fields of experimental psychology, plastic surgery, neurology and physiology. This book will therefore be valued by all those who deal with facial expression, including psychologists, physicians and those involved in the fine arts and photography.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: November 2006
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521032063
    • length: 308 pages
    • dimensions: 228 x 151 x 18 mm
    • weight: 0.473kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Editor's preface
    Part I. The Mechanism of Human Facial Expression or an Electrophysiological Analysis of the Expression of the Emotions: Preface
    Section 1. Introduction:
    1. A review of previous work on muscle action in facial expression
    2. Principle facts that emerge from my electrophysiological experiments
    3. The reliability of these experiments
    4. The purpose of my research
    Section 2. Scientific Section: Foreword
    5. Anatomical preparations, and portraits of the subjects who underwent electrophysiological experiments
    6. The muscle of attention (m. frontalis)
    7. The muscle of reflection (superior part of m. orbicularis oculi, that part of the muscle called the sphincter of the eyelids)
    8. The muscle of aggression (m. procerus)
    9. The muscle of pain (m. corrugator supercilii)
    10. The muscles of joy and benevolence (m. zygomaticus major and the inferior part of m. orbicularis oculi)
    11. The muscle of lasciviousness (transverse part of m. nasalis)
    12. The muscle of sadness (m. depressor anguli oris)
    13. The muscles of weeping and whimpering (m. zygomaticus minor and m. levator labii superioris)
    14. Muscles complementary to surprise (muscles that lower the mandible)
    15. The muscle of fright, of terror (m. platysma)
    16. A critical study of several antiquities from the point of view of m. corrugator supercilii and m. frontalis
    Section 3. Aesthetic Section: Foreword
    17. Aesthetic electrophysiological studies on the mechanism of human facial expression
    18. Further aesthetic electrophysiological studies
    19. Synoptic table on the plates of the Album
    Part II. Commentary Chapters:
    20. The highly original Dr Duchenne R. Andrew Cuthbertson
    21. The Duchenne de Boulogne collection in the department of morphology, L'Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Beaux Arts Jean-François Debord
    22. Duchenne today: facial expression and facial surgery John T. Hueston
    23. Duchenne and facial expression of emotion Paul Ekman

  • Author

    G. -B. Duchenne de Boulogne

    Editor and Translator

    R. Andrew Cuthbertson


    R. Andrew Cuthbertson, Jean-François Debord, John T. Hueston, Paul Ekman

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