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Religion in the Modern World
Celebrating Pluralism and Diversity


  • Author: Keith Ward, Roehampton University, London and Christ Church, Oxford
  • Date Published: March 2019
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781108716840

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About the Authors
  • The subject of religious diversity is of growing significance, with its associated problems of religious pluralism and inter-faith dialogue. Moreover, since the European Enlightenment, religions have had to face new, existential challenges. Is there a future for religions? How will they have to change? Can they co-exist peacefully? In this book, Keith Ward brings new insights to these questions. Applying historical and philosophical approaches, he explores how we can establish truth among so many diverse religions. He explains how religions have evolved over time and how they are reacting to the challenges posed by new scientific and moral beliefs. A celebration of the diversity in the world's religions, Ward's timely book also deals with the possibility and necessity of religious tolerance and co-existence.

    • Celebrates diversity in religions by proposing a new approach to dealing with conflicting claims of co-existing religions
    • Critically analyses the 'pluralistic hypothesis' to develop a way of preserving concern for truth with acceptance of diverse beliefs
    • Shows how new knowledge necessitates changes in religious thinking and how religious views can respond positively to new scientific and moral beliefs
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    Reviews & endorsements

    '… the clarity of the philosophical narrative Ward sketches in making this endorsement of religious pluralism is eminently noteworthy … In this moment of intense polarization, religious and otherwise, Ward's account functions as a welcome balm.' J. Khan, Choice

    'I thoroughly enjoyed this book. It is well argued and written in an engaging and accessible style. The argumentation in this book represents the best of Ward's own Christian tradition.' William Olhausen, Search - A Church of Ireland Journal, vol. 44.3

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    Product details

    • Date Published: March 2019
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781108716840
    • length: 220 pages
    • dimensions: 228 x 152 x 12 mm
    • weight: 0.32kg
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. The Problem of Religious Pluralism:
    1. Emile Durkheim
    2. Myths and symbols
    3. Myth and history
    4. Historical development
    Part II. The Perennial Philosophy:
    5. Aldous Huxley
    6. Experience of the ineffable
    7. The perennialist critique of other religious views
    8. The void and pure mind
    9. The supreme good
    10. Frithjof Schuon
    11. Problems with esoteric view
    12. Huston Smith
    13. The principle of plenitude
    14. Perennialism and diversity
    Part III. The Critical Turn:
    15. Rudolf Bultmann
    16. Immanuel Kant
    17. The extension of moral concern
    18. Morality and religion
    19. Friedrich Schleiermarcher
    20. G. W. Friedrich Hegel
    21. The rise of pluralism
    22. Ernst Troeltsch
    Part IV. The Pluralist Hypothesis:
    23. John Hick
    24. Soteriological effectiveness
    25. Truth, experience and salvation
    26. Universal salvation
    27. Truth and religious language
    28. A case study: Christianity and Islam
    29. Cantwell Smith
    Part V. Catholicism and Pluralism
    30. Karl Rahner
    31. Hans Kung
    32. Raimon Panikkar
    33. Paul Knitter
    34. Peter Phan
    Part VI. Buddhism and Christianity in Dialogue:
    35. A case study: Christianity and Buddhism
    36. Conclusion.

  • Author

    Keith Ward, Roehampton University, London and Christ Church, Oxford
    Keith Ward is Professor of Religious Studies at University of Roehampton. A Fellow of the British Academy, he was Regius Professor of Divinity at the University of Oxford and served as President of the World Congress of Faiths. He is the author of numerous books, most recently, Christ and the Cosmos (Cambridge, 2015) and The Christian Idea of God (Cambridge, 2017).

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