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Christ and the Cosmos
A Reformulation of Trinitarian Doctrine


  • Author: Keith Ward, Heythrop College, University of London
  • Date Published: August 2015
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781107531819

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About the Authors
  • The concept of the 'social Trinity', which posits three conscious subjects in God, radically revised the traditional Christian idea of the Creator. It promoted a view of God as a passionate, creative and responsive source of all being. Keith Ward argues that social Trinitarian thinking threatens the unity of God, however, and that this new view of God does not require a 'social' component. Expanding on the work of theologians such as Barth and Rahner, who insisted that there was only one mind of God, Ward offers a coherent, wholly monotheistic interpretation of the Trinity. Christ and the Cosmos analyses theistic belief in a scientific context, demonstrating the necessity of cosmology to theological thinking that is often overly myopic and anthropomorphic. This important volume will benefit those who seek to understand what the Trinity is, why it matters and how it fits into a scientific account of the universe.

    • Presents a clear Trinitarian account of God that avoids the confusion and needless paradoxes of much traditional theology
    • Preserves belief in the unity of God by critiquing the 'social Trinity'
    • Provides an explanation of the Trinity that non-Christian monotheists can understand, facilitating interfaith conversation about this divisive issue
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    Product details

    • Date Published: August 2015
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781107531819
    • length: 286 pages
    • dimensions: 226 x 152 x 20 mm
    • weight: 0.41kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. The Threefold Nature of the Divine Being:
    1. Introduction: talking about the Trinity
    2. Why we may need to restate the ways in which we talk about the Trinity
    3. The doctrine of divine simplicity
    4. Cosmological and axiological explanation
    5. Divine potentiality and temporality
    Part II. The Biblical Sources of Trinitarian Thought:
    6. Three centres of consciousness?
    7. The synoptic Gospels
    8. John's Gospel
    9. The Trinity in the Epistles
    10. The idea of incarnation
    Part III. The Trinity, Immanent and Economic:
    11. Why three?
    12. Trinity and revelation
    13. Hegel and modern theology
    14. The immanent Trinity
    15. The identity of the immanent and the economic Trinity
    16. Hegel again
    17. What creation adds to the Trinity
    18. The epistemic priority of the economic Trinity
    19. The Trinity and naive realism
    20. The Trinity and the cosmos
    21. Revelation and the immanent Trinity
    Part IV. The Social Trinity:
    22. Persons and substances
    23. The idea of a personal and free creation
    24. The logical uniqueness of persons
    25. The divine nature and freedom
    26. Freedom in God and in creatures
    27. Persons as necessarily relational
    28. An ontology of the personal?
    29. Intra-Trinitarian love
    30. Infinite goods
    31. Divine love and necessity
    32. Love and alterity
    33. Trinity versus Monotheism
    34. The passion of Christ
    35. God and abandonment
    Part V. The Cosmic Trinity:
    36. The doctrine of perichoresis
    37. The convergence of social and unipersonal models of the Trinity
    38. Life-streams and persons
    39. Modalism and necessity
    40. The cosmic Trinity.

  • Author

    Keith Ward, Heythrop College, University of London
    Keith Ward is Professorial Research Fellow at Heythrop College, University of London and Fellow of the British Academy. He was formerly Regius Professor of Divinity and a Canon of Christ Church at the University of Oxford. His numerous publications include The Evidence for God: The Case for the Existence of the Spiritual Dimension, Morality, Autonomy, and God and the five-volume Comparative Theology.

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