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Wine, Sugar, and the Making of Modern France
Global Economic Crisis and the Racialization of French Citizenship, 1870–1910


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Part of New Studies in European History

  • Author: Elizabeth Heath, Bernard M. Baruch College, City University of New York
  • Date Published: March 2020
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781107688582

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About the Authors
  • This is an innovative study of how race and empire transformed French republican citizenship in the early Third Republic. Elizabeth Heath integrates the histories of the wine-producing department of Aude and the sugar-producing colony of Guadeloupe to reveal the ways in which empire was integral to the Third Republic's ability to stabilize a republican regime that began to unravel in an age of economic globalization. She shows how global economic factors shaped negotiations between local citizens and the Third Republic over the responsibilities of the Republic to its citizens leading to the creation of two different and unequal forms of citizenship that became constitutive of the interwar imperial nation-state and the French welfare state. Her findings shed important new light on the tensions within republicanism between ideals of liberty and equality and on the construction of race as a meaningful social category at a foundational moment in French history.

    • Places French empire within the context of nineteenth-century globalization, paving the way for rethinking the relationship between imperialism and globalization
    • Rethinks the role of race in the making of modern France, reframing the discussion by placing the French racial state within a global context
    • Offers a new interpretation of nation-building in the early Third Republic, combining its history with that of empire-building
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    • Winner of the 2015 Alf Andrew Heggoy Prize, French Colonial Historical Society

    Reviews & endorsements

    'The story Heath tells about an earlier moment of globalization is an important lesson for our times, when arguments about agricultural standards are simultaneously about quality and about supply, competitiveness and price, not to mention our way of life … Read this book. Its story may be about France, but is lesson is universal.' Mary Dewhurst Lewis, Reviews and Critical Commentary (

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    Product details

    • Date Published: March 2020
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781107688582
    • length: 326 pages
    • dimensions: 150 x 230 x 20 mm
    • weight: 0.48kg
    • contains: 1 b/w illus. 2 maps 2 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Introduction: of wine and sugar
    Part I:
    1. Wine, sugar, and the new global economy
    2. Defining Republican citizenship on the peripheries
    Part II:
    3. Propertied elites and a new liberal citizenship
    4. Socialism and the rise of worker politics
    5. Small holders and the promise of rural democracy
    Part III:
    6. Union member and citizen
    7. Defining French citizenship in a global age
    Conclusion: globalization, empire, and the making of modern France

  • Author

    Elizabeth Heath, Bernard M. Baruch College, City University of New York
    Elizabeth Heath is an Assistant Professor of History at Baruch College, City University of New York, having taught previously at Florida International University. She received her PhD from the Department of History at the University of Chicago. She is a former Harper–Schmidt Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Chicago and the holder of a number of fellowships from the National Science Foundation, the Newberry Library, the Getty Research Institute, and the Wolfsonian Museum. Her research focuses on modern France and the French empire, and she is particularly interested in the way that colonialism shaped the fundamental features of modern French life, whether citizenship and welfare, or consumer habits, hygiene, and economic tools. She is currently at work on a new book-length project on French colonial commodities entitled Everyday Colonialism: Commodities of Empire and the Making of Modern France.


    • Winner of the 2015 Alf Andrew Heggoy Prize, French Colonial Historical Society

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