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Chinese Professionals and the Republican State
The Rise of Professional Associations in Shanghai, 1912–1937


Part of Cambridge Modern China Series

  • Author: Xiaoqun Xu, Francis Marion University, South Carolina
  • Date Published: November 2006
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521027892

£ 36.99

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About the Authors
  • Xiaoqun Xu makes a compelling and original contribution to the study of China's modernization with this book on the rise of professional associations in Republican China in their birthplace of Shanghai, and of their political and socio-cultural milieu. This 2001 book is rich in detail about the key professional and political figures and organizations in Shanghai, filling an important gap in its social history. The professional associations were, as the author writes, 'unambiguously urban and modern in their origins and functions … representing a new breed of educated Chinese' and they pioneered a new type of relationship with the state. Xu addresses a central issue in China studies, the relationship between state and society, and proposes an alternative to the Western-derived concept of civil society. This book illuminates the complexity of modernization and nationalism in twentieth-century China, and provides a concrete case for comparative studies of professionalization and class formation across cultures.

    • Fresh data and perspectives for comparative studies on larger issues, based on rare primary sources
    • It will be one of the essential readings on modern Chinese history
    • Book offers an alternative contruction to the concept of civil society in analysing the interactive state-society relationship in Republican China
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    Reviews & endorsements

    '… interesting and evocative of the atmosphere of the times … this is an exhaustive study …' History

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    Product details

    • Date Published: November 2006
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521027892
    • length: 348 pages
    • dimensions: 228 x 152 x 20 mm
    • weight: 0.516kg
    • contains: 4 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    List of tables
    Abbreviations of frequently cited sources
    Part I. Professions and Professionals:
    1. Professions in early-twentieth-century Shanghai
    2. Professionals as urban middle class
    Conclusion to part I
    Part II. Social Institutions, State Actions, and Professionalization:
    3. The Republican State and urban associations
    4. The Republican State and the legal profession
    5. The Republican State and the medical profession
    Conclusion to part II
    Part III. Professionalism, Nationalism, and Politics:
    6. From 'literary men' to professionals: Shanghai journalists
    7. National essence versus science: the medical profession in conflict
    8. Professionalism and nationalism: the Shanghai Bar Association (I)
    9. Professionalism and politics: the Shanghai Bar Association (II)
    Conclusion to part III

  • Author

    Xiaoqun Xu, Francis Marion University, South Carolina

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