This book describes and analyses the development of the Roman West from Gibraltar to the Rhine, using primarily the extensive body of published archaeological evidence rather than the textual evidence underlying most other studies. It situates this development within a longer-term process of change, proposing the later second century rather than the 'third-century crisis' as the major turning-point, although the latter had longer-term consequences owing to the rise in importance of military identities. Elsewhere, more 'traditional' forms of settlement and display were sustained, to which was added the vocabulary of Christianity. The longer-term rhythms are also central to assessing the evidence for such aspects as rural settlement and patterns of economic interaction. The collapse of Roman imperial authority emphasised trends such as militarisation and regionalisation along with economic and cultural disintegration. Indicators of 'barbarian/Germanic' presence are reassessed within such contexts and the traditional interpretations questioned and alternatives proposed.Read more
- Discusses and explains a wide range of archaeological evidence
- Covers a large geographical area - the Iberian peninsula, Gaul, the Rhineland
- Synthesises up-to-date work in French, German, Portuguese and Spanish as well as English
- A Choice Outstanding Academic Title, 2013
Reviews & endorsements
'Esmonde Cleary begins by declaring his intention to 'emancipate archaeology from the role of servant'. In this, he can consider himself successful … [his] achievement is to put the two types of evidence on a level-footing, showing that they should be interrogated according to their own merits, rather than expected to fit into pre-determined, often incompatible, frameworks … As such, while this book will be greatly appreciated by experienced archaeologists, it is also a good guide for non-archaeologists who want to use the discipline to strengthen their work, but who might be hampered by the changing schools of thought or misled by the generalisations of earlier works.' Steven Spiegl, Bryn Mawr Classical ReviewSee more reviews
'… this is indispensible …' Choice
'… an extremely useful combination of a large quantity of the most current data and bibliography, and a generally balanced, nuanced and cautious history.' Douglas Underwood, The Classical Review
'This is a major work that is welcome not only in the field of late antique studies but in Roman archaeology as a whole. It presents a valuable synthesis of archaeological material from different areas in Western Europe, crossing boundaries of geography and scholarly tradition, but also offers important discussion and analysis. Its scale and emphasis on archaeology rather than history, though it is also dotted with sections of historical narrative, makes it an important addition to the field … undoubtedly a major resource … an important contribution and is very accessible and well presented.' Adam Rogers, Britannia
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- Date Published: September 2016
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9781316625644
- length: 550 pages
- dimensions: 245 x 171 x 30 mm
- weight: 0.96kg
- contains: 95 b/w illus.
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
1. Prologue: the 'third-century crisis'
2. The military response: soldiers and civilians
3. Christianity and the traditional religions
4. Reshaping the cities
5. Emperors and aristocrats in the late Roman West
6. Rural settlement and economy in the late Roman West
7. The economy of the late Roman West
8. Breakdown and barbarians
9. The fifth century and the disintegration of the Roman West
10. Epilogue: AD 200–500, a coherent period?
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