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A Study of Agriculture and Rustic Life in the Greco-Roman World from the Point of View of Labour


Part of Cambridge Library Collection - Classics

  • Date Published: June 2011
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781108028950

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About the Authors
  • William Emerton Heitland (1847–1935) was a Cambridge classicist, who was described as having 'a passionate desire to attain the truth'. His most distinguished work, Agricola, published in 1921, is a detailed study of agricultural labour in classical times. He makes use of a wide range of sources, from Homer in the eighth century BCE to Apollinaris Sidonius in the fifth century CE. In asking the question, by whom and under what conditions was the work done, he deals with land tenure, taxation, military service and political theory. He argues that changes in agricultural production were necessarily connected to changes in other areas of society. To a large extent, classical agriculture was based on slavery, and even those who were free tenants had limited legal rights. Roman poets such as Virgil idealised the pastoral life, but may not reflect reality. It is an important sourcebook for social and economic history.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: June 2011
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781108028950
    • length: 508 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 29 mm
    • weight: 0.74kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Evidence
    2. Land and labour
    Authorities in Detail – Greek:
    3. The Iliad and Odyssey
    4. Hesiod, works and days
    5. Stray notes from early poets
    6. Traces of serfdom in Greek states
    7. Herodotus
    8. The Tragedians
    9. The 'Constitution of Athens' or 'Old Oligarch'
    10. Aristophanes
    11. Thucydides
    12. Xenophon
    13. The comic fragments
    14. Early lawgivers and theorists
    15. Plato
    16. The earlier Attic orators
    17. Aristotle
    18. The later Attic orators
    19. The Macedonian period and the Leagues
    Rome – Early Period to 200 B.C.:
    20. The traditions combined and discussed
    21. Abstract of conclusions
    Rome – Middle Period:
    22. Introductory general view of period 200 BC–180 AD
    23. Cato
    24. Agriculture in the revolutionary period
    25. Varro
    26. Cicero
    27. Sallust etc
    Rome – the Empire:
    28. Agriculture and agricultural labour under the Roman Empire. General introduction
    Rome – Augustus to Nero:
    29. Horace and Vergil
    30. The Elder Seneca etc
    31. Seneca the Younger
    32. Lucan, Petronius, etc.
    33. Columella
    Age of the Flavian and Antonine Emperors:
    34. General introduction
    35. Musonius
    36. Pliny the Elder
    37. Tacitus
    38. Frontinus
    39. Inscriptions relative to Alimenta
    40. Dion Chrysostom
    41. New Testament writers
    42. Martial and Juvenal
    43. Pliny the Younger
    44. Suetonius etc
    45. Apuleius
    Commodus to Diocletian:
    46. General introduction
    47. The African inscriptions
    48. Discussion of the same
    49. The jurists of the Digest
    50. The later Colonate, its place in Roman history
    From Diocletian:
    51. General introduction
    52. Libanius
    53. Symmachus
    54. Ammianus
    55. Claudian
    56. Vegetius
    Christian Writers:
    57. Lactantius
    58. Sulpicius Severus
    59. Salvian
    60. Apollinaris Sidonius
    61. Concluding chapter

  • Author

    William Emerton Heitland

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