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Protectors of Pluralism
Religious Minorities and the Rescue of Jews in the Low Countries during the Holocaust


Award Winner

Part of Cambridge Studies in Contentious Politics

  • Date Published: March 2019
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781108456975

£ 23.99

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About the Authors
  • Protectors of Pluralism argues that local religious minorities are more likely to save persecuted groups from purification campaigns. Robert Braun utilizes a geo-referenced dataset of Jewish evasion in the Netherlands and Belgium during the Holocaust to assess the minority hypothesis. Spatial statistics and archival work reveal that Protestants were more likely to rescue Jews in Catholic regions of the Low Countries, while Catholics facilitated evasion in Protestant areas. Post-war testimonies and secondary literature demonstrate the importance of minority groups for rescue in other countries during the Holocaust as well as other episodes of mass violence, underlining how the local position of church communities produces networks of assistance, rather than something inherent to any religion itself. This book makes an important contribution to the literature on political violence, social movements, altruism and religion, applying a range of social science methodologies and theories that shed new light on the Holocaust.

    • Explores the relationship between religion and tolerance by investigating the Christian protection of Jews during the Holocaust
    • Examines the reinforcing mechanisms that link minority status to rescue operations
    • Applies a range of social science methodologies and theories
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    • Winner, 2020 Charles Tilly Book Award, American Sociological Association

    Reviews & endorsements

    'Braun's book should be of considerable interest to organizational scholars, who have increasingly come to situate the selection of organizational activities within a spatial and historical context.' Martin Ruef, Social Forces

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    Product details

    • Date Published: March 2019
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781108456975
    • length: 316 pages
    • dimensions: 228 x 153 x 18 mm
    • weight: 0.46kg
    • contains: 40 b/w illus. 56 colour illus. 56 maps 28 tables
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    Part I. Theory and Context:
    2. Theory
    3. Religious minorities in the Low Countries: from the Reformation: to the Holocaust
    Part II. Religious Minorities in the Netherlands:
    4. Minority empathy 1900–1942
    5. Religious minorities and evasion in the Netherlands
    6. Religious minorities and clandestine collective action in Twente
    7. Religious minorities and rescue beyond Twente
    Part III. Exceptions and Scope Conditions:
    8. Off-the-line cases
    9. Christian rescue in Belgium
    10. Conclusion: minority protection across time and space

  • Author

    Robert Braun, University of California, Berkeley
    Robert Braun is an Assistant Professor of Sociology and Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley. His research focuses on civil society and intergroup relationships in times of social upheaval. He has been published in several esteemed journals, including the American Journal of Sociology and the American Political Science Review, and has received over twenty scholarly awards.


    • Winner, 2020 Charles Tilly Book Award, American Sociological Association

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