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Kalambo Falls Prehistoric Site

Kalambo Falls Prehistoric Site

Volume 3. The Earlier Cultures: Middle and Earlier Stone Age

Part of Clark: Kalambo Falls Prehistoric Site

J. D. Clark, M. R. Kleindienst, David Taylor, Robert Marchant, Alan Hamilton, Kathy D. Schick, Nicholas Toth, Stephen W. Edwards, John A. G. Gowlett, Derek A. Roe, R. M. Organ, Curtis McKinney, Yohannes Zeleke
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  • Date Published: September 2001
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9780521200714


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About the Authors
  • The local basin in the Kalambo River valley above the famous Falls on the boundary between Zambia and Tanzania provides one of the longest and richest records of man's activity so far recovered from a single site in the African continent. Successive human occupation levels and horizons cover the last 60,000 years from the close of the Acheulian Industrial Complex to the present day. The site is unique in that, besides very rich and representative series of cultural finds, wood, other vegetable remains, charcoals, and pollens have been preserved, often in association with undisturbed, prehistoric camping places. The final volume of this major site report, which deals with the Middle and Earlier Stone Age period completes the project, initiated with the publication of Volume I (1969) on the geology, palaeoecology and detailed stratigraphy of the excavations, and Volume II (1974) on the later Prehistoric Cultures.

    • Final volume of Kalambo Falls prehistoric site, to complete a mammoth press publication
    • Desmond Clark, editor, and author of much of the text, is one of the most famous archaeologists of the twentieth century
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    Reviews & endorsements

    '… the quality and quantity of data presented make this an invaluable resource for Africanists in particular and Paleolithic archaeologists in general.' Antiquity

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    Product details

    • Date Published: September 2001
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9780521200714
    • length: 704 pages
    • dimensions: 283 x 227 x 56 mm
    • weight: 3.285kg
    • contains: 26 b/w illus. 108 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    History of research
    Geology and sedimentation
    Chronology J. D. Clark
    2. The Stone Age cultural sequence: terminology, typology and raw material J. D. Clark and M. R. Kleindienst
    3. A re-analysis and interpretation of palynological data from Kalambo Falls Prehistoric Site David Taylor, Robert Marchant and Alan Hamilton
    4. The archaeology from the Mbwilo member, sands and rubble: the Siszya and Nakisasa industries of the Lupemban industrial complex J. D. Clark
    5. The archaeology from the Mkamba member, ochreous sands bed. The Chipeta industry of the Sangoan industrial complex J. D. Clark
    6. The Bwalya industry of the Acheulean industrial complex. Aggregates from the white sands and dark clay beds of the Mkamba member: Inuga phase (Final Acheulean) and Moola phase (Upper Acheulean) J. D. Clark
    7. An examination of Kalambo Falls Acheulean site (B5) from a geoarchaeological perspective Kathy D. Schick
    8. Modified, used and other wood specimens from Acheulean horizons J. D. Clark
    9. The Kalambo Falls large cutting tools: A comparative metrical and statistical analysis Derek A. Roe
    10. Experiments in quarrying large flakes at Kalambo Falls I Nicholas Toth
    11. A modern knapper's assessment of the technical skills of the late Acheulean biface workers at Kalambo Falls Stephen W. Edwards
    12. An allometric comparison of Sangoan core-axes and Acheulean handaxes from Kalambo Falls John A. G. Gowlett
    13. An overview of archaeological culture and context at Kalambo Falls J. D. Clark
    14. A view of the Kalambo Falls Early and Middle Stone Age assemblages in the context of the old world Palaeolithic Derek A. Roe
    Appendix A. Plant foods in African prehistory J. D. Clark
    Appendix B. Geography and Kalambo Falls clays J. D. Clark
    Appendix C. Carbowax and other materials in the treatment of water-logged Paleolithic wood R. M. Organ
    Appendix D. Curtis McKinney
    Appendix E. The Kalambo Falls flakes and fragments study of a sample of Acheulean flakes and fragments from site A4 1963 river face extension at Kalambo Falls.

  • Author

    J. Desmond Clark, University of California, Berkeley

    Assisted by

    Julie Cormack

    Susan Chin


    J. D. Clark, M. R. Kleindienst, David Taylor, Robert Marchant, Alan Hamilton, Kathy D. Schick, Nicholas Toth, Stephen W. Edwards, John A. G. Gowlett, Derek A. Roe, R. M. Organ, Curtis McKinney, Yohannes Zeleke

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