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The Third Wave of Democratization in Latin America
Advances and Setbacks


Scott Mainwaring, Frances Hagopian, Aníbal Pérez-Liñán, Steven Levitsky, Kurt Weyland, Beatriz Magaloni, René Antonio Mayorga, Elisabeth Jean Wood, Mitchell A. Seligson, Ana María Bejarano, Eduardo Pizarro, Martín Tanaka, Michael Coppedge
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  • Date Published: August 2005
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521613200

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About the Authors
  • The late twentieth century witnessed the birth of an impressive number of new democracies in Latin America. This wave of democratization since 1978 has been by far the broadest and most durable in the history of Latin America, but many of the resulting democratic regimes also suffer from profound deficiencies. What caused democratic regimes to emerge and survive? What are their main achievements and shortcomings? This volume offers an ambitious and comprehensive overview of the unprecedented advances as well as the setbacks in the post-1978 wave of democratization. It seeks to explain the sea change from a region dominated by authoritarian regimes to one in which openly authoritarian regimes are the rare exception, and it analyzes why some countries have achieved striking gains in democratization while others have experienced erosions. The book presents general theoretical arguments about what causes and sustains democracy and analyses of nine compelling country cases.

    • The most comprehensive analysis of the post-1978 democratization wave in Latin America
    • Represents the best scholarship on the issues, but is also accessible to the general public, graduate students and advanced undergraduate students
    • Presents new theoretical arguments about the causes of democratization
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    Reviews & endorsements

    '… excellent example of theorizing about Latin America's most pressing policy dilemmas … demonstrates a series of theoretical purpose that belies the lingering misperception that 'barefoot empiricists' dominate the field. Specialists, students and laypersons alike will have plenty to reflect upon.' Development and Change

    'This book is an excellent contribution to the debate on democracy in Latin America. … can be used by academics and students to the extent that the book offers deep, comprehensive and clear analysis of recent political events in the region.' Political Studies Review

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    Product details

    • Date Published: August 2005
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521613200
    • length: 432 pages
    • dimensions: 235 x 157 x 24 mm
    • weight: 0.6kg
    • contains: 22 b/w illus. 36 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Introduction: the third wave of democratization in Latin America Scott Mainwaring and Frances Hagopian
    1. Latin American democratization since 1978: democratic transitions, breakdowns, and erosions Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán
    Part I. Three Democratic Giants with Authoritarian Pasts: Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico:
    2. Argentina: democratic survival amidst economic failure Steven Levitsky
    3. The growing sustainability of Brazil's low-quality democracy Kurt Weyland
    4. The demise of Mexico's one-party dominant regime: elite choices and the masses in the establishment of democracy Beatriz Magaloni
    Part II. Unexpected Democracies in Unlikely Countries: Bolivia, El Salvador, and Guatemala:
    5. Bolivia's democracy at the crossroads René Antonio Mayorga
    6. Challenges to political democracy in El Salvador Elisabeth Jean Wood
    7. Democracy on ice: the multiple challenges of Guatemala's peace process Mitchell A. Seligson
    Part III. Democratic Erosion in The Third Wave: Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela:
    8. From 'restricted' to 'besieged': the changing nature of the limits to democracy in Colombia Ana María Bejarano and Eduardo Pizarro
    9. Peru 1980–2000: chronicle of a death foretold? determinism, political decisions, and open outcomes Martín Tanaka
    10. Explaining democratic deterioration in Venezuela through nested inference Michael Coppedge
    Part IV. Conclusions:
    11. Conclusions: Government performance, political representation, and public perceptions of contemporary democracy in Latin America Frances Hagopian.

  • Instructors have used or reviewed this title for the following courses

    • Gov and Pol of Latin America
  • Editors

    Frances Hagopian, University of Notre Dame, Indiana
    Frances Hagopian is the Michael P. Grace II Associate Professor of Latin American Studies in the Department of Political Science, and former Director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies, at the University of Notre Dame. She is the author of Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil (Cambridge University Press, 1996), which was named a Choice Outstanding Book in Comparative Politics, and several articles on democratization that have appeared in World Politics, Comparative Political Studies, and several other publications. Her current research focuses on economic liberalization and political representation in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, and Mexico. Hagopian previously taught at Harvard, Tufts, and MIT, and she has held fellowships from the Center for Latin American Studies and Howard Heinz Endowment of the University of Pittsburgh, the Social Science Research Council and the American Council of Learned Societies, and the U.S. Department of Education (the Fulbright-Hays program). She is a member of the Council of the American Political Science Association, and the editorial boards of PS: Political Science and Latin American Politics and Society.

    Scott P. Mainwaring, University of Notre Dame, Indiana
    Scott P. Mainwaring is Eugene Conley Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame and Director of the Kellogg Institute for International Studies. Among his books are Democratic Accountability in Latin America, Christian Democracy in Latin America, Rethinking Party Systems in the Third Wave of Democratization: the Case of Brazil, Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America (Cambridge University Press, 1997) and Building Democratic Institutions: Party Systems in Latin America. He received a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation fellowship in 2000 for work on a project on authoritarianism and democracy in Latin America, 1945–2000.


    Scott Mainwaring, Frances Hagopian, Aníbal Pérez-Liñán, Steven Levitsky, Kurt Weyland, Beatriz Magaloni, René Antonio Mayorga, Elisabeth Jean Wood, Mitchell A. Seligson, Ana María Bejarano, Eduardo Pizarro, Martín Tanaka, Michael Coppedge

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