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The Failure of the Roman Republic

The Failure of the Roman Republic


  • Date Published: February 2012
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781107642010

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About the Authors
  • In this 1955 study, R. E. Smith attempts to explain and interpret the failure of the Roman Republic in the first century BC, showing how the failure came about, and what its effects were upon the spirit of the society. Smith begins by assessing the character of Rome during the period 200–140 BC when its struggle with Carthage had ended and it first began to achieve dominance in the Mediterranean. He then examines the irresponsible behaviour of the Gracchi and the ensuing political disruption in Rome, which precipitated a spiritual crisis in the society and was among the primary causes of the demise of the Republic. The eventual collapse of the republican system was, as Smith contends, a failure of the spirit of Roman society, not of the government, and ultimately found its solution only in the Age of Augustus.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: February 2012
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781107642010
    • length: 210 pages
    • dimensions: 216 x 140 x 12 mm
    • weight: 0.27kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. Rome, 200–140 B.C.: Introduction
    1. The political unity
    2. The social unity
    3. Religion, thought and literature
    4. Naevius, Ennius and Roman epic
    Part II. The Consequences of Victory:
    5. Foreign policy
    6. Provincial policy
    7. Rome and Italy
    8. The problem of imperial responsibility
    Part III. The Political Disruption:
    9. The Gracchan intervention
    10. The character of post-Gracchan history
    11. The political disruption - Sulla
    12. The political disruption - Pompeius and Caesar
    Part IV. The Consequences of Disintegration:
    13. The social consequences
    14. The religious consequences
    15. The Italian countryside
    16. Literature and thought
    Chronological table
    Select bibliography

  • Author

    R. E. Smith

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