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Questioning Collapse
Human Resilience, Ecological Vulnerability, and the Aftermath of Empire


Patricia A. McAnany, Norman Yoffee, Terry L. Hunt, Carl P. Lipo, Joel Berglund, Kenneth Pomeranz, Michael Wilcox, Tomás Gallareta Negrón, David Cahill, Christopher C. Taylor, Drexel G. Woodson, Tim Murray, Frederick Errington, Deborah Gewertz, J. R. McNeill
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  • Date Published: November 2009
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9780521733663

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About the Authors
  • Questioning Collapse challenges those scholars and popular writers who advance the thesis that societies - past and present - collapse because of behavior that destroyed their environments or because of overpopulation. In a series of highly accessible and closely argued essays, a team of internationally recognized scholars bring history and context to bear in their radically different analyses of iconic events, such as the deforestation of Easter Island, the cessation of the Norse colony in Greenland, the faltering of nineteenth-century China, the migration of ancestral peoples away from Chaco Canyon in the American southwest, the crisis and resilience of Lowland Maya kingship, and other societies that purportedly 'collapsed'. Collectively, these essays demonstrate that resilience in the face of societal crises, rather than collapse, is the leitmotif of the human story from the earliest civilizations to the present. Scrutinizing the notion that Euro-American colonial triumphs were an accident of geography, Questioning Collapse also critically examines the complex historical relationship between race and political labels of societal 'success' and 'failure'.

    • Accessible to lay persons, students, and scholars; appropriate for classroom use
    • Broad geographical and temporal coverage yet deeply contextualized analyses; transdisciplinary in approach
    • Emphasizes resiliency of human society and includes indigenous voices in the telling of history
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    'Essential summer reading …' New Statesman

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    Product details

    • Date Published: November 2009
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9780521733663
    • length: 392 pages
    • dimensions: 226 x 152 x 20 mm
    • weight: 0.52kg
    • contains: 91 b/w illus. 22 maps
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Why we question collapse and study human resilience, ecological vulnerability, and the aftermath of empire Patricia A. McAnany and Norman Yoffee
    Part I. Human Resilience and Ecological Vulnerability:
    2. Ecological catastrophe, collapse, and the myth of 'ecocide' on Rapa Nui (Easter Island) Terry L. Hunt and Carl P. Lipo
    3. Did the medieval Norse society in Greenland really fail? Joel Berglund
    4. Calamities without collapse: environment, economy, and society in China, c.1800–1949 Kenneth Pomeranz
    Part II. Surviving Collapse: Studies of Societal Regeneration:
    5. Marketing conquest and the vanishing Indian: an indigenous response to Jared Diamond's archaeology of the American southwest Michael Wilcox
    6. Bellicose rulers and climatological peril? Retrofitting 21st century woes on 8th century Maya society Patricia A. McAnany and Tomas Gallareta Negrón
    7. Collapse in ancient Mesopotamia: what happened, what didn't Norman Yoffee
    Part III. Societies in the Aftermath of Empire:
    8. Advanced Andeans and backward Europeans: structure and agency in the collapse of the Inca empire David Cahill
    9. Rwandan genocide: towards an explanation in which history and culture matter Christopher C. Taylor
    10. 'Failed' states, societal 'collapse', and ecological 'disaster': a Haitian lesson on grand theory Drexel G. Woodson
    11. The power of the past: environment, Aborigines, archaeology, and a sustainable Australian society Tim Murray
    12. Excusing the haves and blaming the have-nots in the telling of history Frederick Errington and Deborah Gewertz
    Part IV. Reflections on Sustainability:
    13. Sustainable survival J. R. McNeill.

  • Editors

    Patricia A. McAnany, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
    Patricia A. McAnany is Kenan Eminent Professor in the anthropology department at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. A member of the editorial board of the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, she has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Dumbarton Oaks, and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University. She is the principal investigator of the Xibun Archaeological Research Project in Belize ( and of the Maya Area Cultural Heritage Initiative ( that works with descendent Maya communities. She has authored Living with the Ancestors: Kinship and Kingship in Ancient Maya Society, edited K'axob: Ritual, Work and Family in an Ancient Maya Village, and recently co-edited Dimensions of Ritual Economy.

    Norman Yoffee, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
    Norman Yoffee is a scholar of ancient Mesopotamia and social evolutionary and anthropological theory. He teaches in the Departments of Near Eastern Studies and Anthropology at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He is the author and editor of eleven books, including Myths of the Archaic State: Evolution of the Earliest Cities, States, and Civilizations, Excavating Asian History: Interdisciplinary Studies in History and Archaeology and Negotiating the Past in the Past: Identity, Memory, and Landscape in Archaeological Research, and the Cambridge World Archaeology series.


    Patricia A. McAnany, Norman Yoffee, Terry L. Hunt, Carl P. Lipo, Joel Berglund, Kenneth Pomeranz, Michael Wilcox, Tomás Gallareta Negrón, David Cahill, Christopher C. Taylor, Drexel G. Woodson, Tim Murray, Frederick Errington, Deborah Gewertz, J. R. McNeill

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