Skip to content
Register Sign in Wishlist

Collective Liability in Islam
The ‘Aqila and Blood Money Payments


Part of Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization

  • Date Published: March 2022
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781108724289

£ 22.99

Add to cart Add to wishlist

Other available formats:
Hardback, eBook

Looking for an inspection copy?

This title is not currently available on inspection

Product filter button
About the Authors
  • Offering the first close study of the ʿAqila, a group collectively liable for blood money payments on behalf of a member who committed an accidental homicide, Nurit Tsafrir analyses the group's transformation from a pre-Islamic custom to an institution of the Shari'a, and its further evolution through medieval and post medieval Islamic law and society. Having been an essential factor in the maintenance of social order within Muslim societies, the ʿAqila is the intersection between legal theory and practice, between Islamic law and religion, and between Islamic law and the state. Tracing the history of the ʿAqila, this study reveals how religious values, state considerations and social organization have participated in shaping and reshaping this central institution, which still concerns contemporary Muslim scholars.

    • Provides the first analysis of the Shari'a institution of the ʿAqila, a group collectively liable for blood money payments
    • Presents a clear, detailed outline of the law's evolution from its pre-Islamic origins through to the modern day
    • Places legal theory within the context of historical transformations in religion, state and society
    Read more

    Customer reviews

    Not yet reviewed

    Be the first to review

    Review was not posted due to profanity


    , create a review

    (If you're not , sign out)

    Please enter the right captcha value
    Please enter a star rating.
    Your review must be a minimum of 12 words.

    How do you rate this item?


    Product details

    • Date Published: March 2022
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781108724289
    • length: 189 pages
    • dimensions: 228 x 152 x 11 mm
    • weight: 0.28kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. The Contribution of Islamic Values:
    1. The modern perspective and the Islamic perspective, and their application to the law of homicide
    2. Major modifications of the Islamic law of homicide
    3. The 'Āqila's liability for homicide restricted, and justified
    Part II. The Contribution of the State Administration:
    4. The Dīwān innovation in Umayyad practice
    5. From Umayyad practice to Ḥanafī law
    6. The Dīwān innovation in Ḥanafī law
    Part III. The Contribution of the Persians:
    7. The Eastern Iranian Ḥanafī views on the 'Āqila: a presentation
    8. The Eastern Iranian Ḥanafī views: the general context
    9. The Eastern Iranian Ḥanafī views on the 'Āqila: an examination

  • Author

    Nurit Tsafrir, Tel-Aviv University
    Nurit Tsafrir is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Middle Eastern and African History at Tel-Aviv University. She was previously a member of the Israel Institution for Advanced Studies in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton University, New Jersey. A specialist in medieval Islam focusing on the Hanafi school of law, she is the author of The History of an Islamic School of Law: The Early Spread of Hanafism (2004).

Related Books

Sorry, this resource is locked

Please register or sign in to request access. If you are having problems accessing these resources please email

Register Sign in
Please note that this file is password protected. You will be asked to input your password on the next screen.

» Proceed

You are now leaving the Cambridge University Press website. Your eBook purchase and download will be completed by our partner Please see the permission section of the catalogue page for details of the print & copy limits on our eBooks.

Continue ×

Continue ×

Continue ×
warning icon

Turn stock notifications on?

You must be signed in to your Cambridge account to turn product stock notifications on or off.

Sign in Create a Cambridge account arrow icon

Find content that relates to you

Join us online

This site uses cookies to improve your experience. Read more Close

Are you sure you want to delete your account?

This cannot be undone.


Thank you for your feedback which will help us improve our service.

If you requested a response, we will make sure to get back to you shortly.

Please fill in the required fields in your feedback submission.