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Chapter 14

Student resources for Chapter 14: First Language Acquisition

Study guide for Chapter 14: First Language Acquisition

You should be able to simply define or explain the following terms and concepts.

Sensitive period Phonological error patterns Functional continuity
Cognition Narrative co-construction Observational studies
Sound substitutions Experimental studies Lexical overextension
Poverty of the stimulus Longitudinal research Mean length of utterance (MLU)
Universal Grammar (UG) Scaffolding Generalization
Formal, nativist theory Child-Directed Speech (CDS) Overregularization
Functional, discourse-based theory Speech Acts Given vs. new information

On completion of this chapter, you should be able to perform the following tasks:

  • Give examples of some common phonological error patterns among young children.

  • Give examples and identify the perceptual basis of children’s lexical overextensions.

  • Briefly explain and give examples of children’s overregularization errors.

  • Discuss factors that impact when morphemes are acquired.

  • Identify linguistic forms used for given versus new information, and explain how these forms reflect their cognitive functions.

  • Distinguish between referential function and evaluative function in narrative discourse.

  • Briefly discuss the four essential components of acquisition theory.

  • Distinguish between nativist theory and functional discourse-based theory.

  • Distinguish between the innate endowment assumptions of innate linguistic knowledge versus (general) human cognition.

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