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When Solidarity Works
Labor-Civic Networks and Welfare States in the Market Reform Era


Part of Structural Analysis in the Social Sciences

  • Date Published: July 2018
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781316626344

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About the Authors
  • Why do some labor movements successfully defend the welfare state even under the pressures of neo-liberal market reform? Why do some unions (and their allied parties and civic associations) succeed in building more universal and comprehensive social policy regimes, while others fail to do so? In this innovative work, Cheol-Sung Lee explores these conundrums through a comparative historical analysis of four countries: Argentina, Brazil, South Korea and Taiwan. He introduces the notion of 'embedded cohesiveness' in order to develop an explanatory model in which labor-civic solidarity and union-political party alliance jointly account for outcomes of welfare state retrenchment as well as welfare state expansion. Lee's exploration of the critical roles of civil society and social movement processes in shaping democratic governance and public policies make this ideal for academic researchers and graduate students in comparative politics, political sociology and network analysis.

    • Provides rich sources of interview and network data based on a network-driven, actor-centered framework
    • Reveals a historical process in which labor-civic solidarity evolves around specific social policies allowing readers to understand the evolving processes of organizational solidarity for collective actions toward the social provision of welfare
    • Proposes a new theory of the development and retrenchment of the welfare states in developing countries
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'One of the book's strengths is its direct engagement with and combination of literatures on both social movements and welfare state development. The former offers an understanding of the importance of organizational structure in enacting social change, and the latter contributes a comparative framework for understanding variation in welfare state regimes.' Mikaela Smith, Mobilization

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    Product details

    • Date Published: July 2018
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781316626344
    • length: 436 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 154 x 25 mm
    • weight: 0.66kg
    • contains: 29 b/w illus. 23 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    List of figures
    List of tables
    Part I:
    1. Introduction
    2. Revisiting the theories of welfare states in developing countries
    3. Theoretical discussion: the structures of associational networks and labor politics
    Part II:
    4. The origin of top-down solidarity in South Korea
    5. Embeddedness, cohesiveness, and the politics of social policy expansion in South Korea: universal vs. selective reforms
    6. The survival and decline of embeddedness under retrenchment drives: the politics of retrenchment under market reforms: Part III:
    7. Comparative case studies I: market-orientated reforms of welfare states and union responses in Argentina and Brazil
    8. Comparative case studies II: market-orientated reforms of welfare states and union responses in South Korea and Taiwan
    9. Comparative case studies III: associational networks and welfare states in Argentina, Brazil, South Korea and Taiwan
    10. Conclusion
    Appendix A. Interviewee profiles
    Appendix B. Measurement of associational networks
    Appendix C. Game theoretical models
    Appendix D. Supplementary analyses: the structure of South Korean civic networks in the 2000s
    Appendix E. Generalization: findings from the cross-national quantitative analyses

  • Author

    Cheol-Sung Lee, University of Chicago
    Cheol-Sung Lee is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Chicago. His research interests lie in comparative welfare states and politics of inequality, and specifically upon the evolution and transformation of modern welfare states. His work has been published in the American Sociological Review, Social Forces, Sociological Theory, World Politics, and Comparative Political Studies.

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