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Force and Matter

Force and Matter
Empirico-Philosophical Studies, Intelligibly Rendered


Part of Cambridge Library Collection - Philosophy

  • Date Published: December 2011
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781108040303

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About the Authors
  • At a time when German philosophy was dominated by idealism, German philosopher and physician Ludwig Büchner (1824–99) wrote Kraft und Stoff, an influential work advocating materialism, in 1855. It went through many editions and was widely read across the world. The controversy surrounding the book led to Büchner leaving his post at the University of Tübingen, but he went on to establish the German Freethinkers' League, the first German organisation for atheists. This book, first published in 1864, is a translation of the eighth edition, and is edited by J. Frederick Collingwood, who wanted to bring Büchner's work to an English audience. It contains translations of the prefaces from the first, third and fourth editions of Kraft und Stoff, and an introductory letter from Büchner which expresses his belief that Darwin's theory of evolution has given support to his materialist theory.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: December 2011
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781108040303
    • length: 330 pages
    • dimensions: 216 x 140 x 19 mm
    • weight: 0.42kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Advertisement by the editor
    Letter to the editor
    Preface to the first edition
    Preface to the third edition
    Preface to the fourth edition
    1. Force and matter
    2. Immortality of matter
    3. Immortality of force
    4. Infinity of matter
    5. Dignity of matter
    6. Immutability of the laws of nature
    7. Universality of the laws of nature
    8. The heavens
    9. Periods of the creation of the earth
    10. Primeval generation
    11. Design in nature
    12. Brain and soul
    13. Thought
    14. The seat of the soul
    15. Innate ideas
    16. The idea of a god
    17. Personal continuance
    18. Vital force
    19. The soul of brutes
    20. Free will
    21. Concluding observations.

  • Author

    Ludwig Büchner

    Editor and Translator

    J. Frederick Collingwood

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