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Look Inside Bija Ganita; or, the Algebra of the Hindus

Bija Ganita; or, the Algebra of the Hindus

Part of Cambridge Library Collection - Perspectives from the Royal Asiatic Society

  • Date Published: February 2013
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781108056014

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  • An important mathematician and astronomer in medieval India, Bhascara Acharya (1114–85) wrote treatises on arithmetic, algebra, geometry and astronomy. He is also believed to have been head of the astronomical observatory at Ujjain, which was the leading centre of mathematical sciences in India. Forming part of his Sanskrit magnum opus Siddhānta Shiromani, the present work is his treatise on algebra. It was first published in English in 1813 after being translated from a Persian text by the East India Company civil servant Edward Strachey (1774–1832). The topics covered include operations involving positive and negative numbers, surds and zero, as well as algebraic, simultaneous and indeterminate equations. Strachey also appends useful notes made by the orientalist Samuel Davis (1760–1819). Of enduring interest in the history of mathematics, this was notably the first work to acknowledge that a positive number has two square roots.

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    Product details

    • Date Published: February 2013
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781108056014
    • length: 132 pages
    • dimensions: 254 x 178 x 7 mm
    • weight: 0.24kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Preface
    Introduction
    1. On affirmative and negative
    2. On the cipher
    3. On unknown quantities
    4. On surds
    5. On indeterminate problems of the first degree
    6. On indeterminate problems of the second degree
    Book 1. On simple equations
    Book 2. On quadratic equations
    Book 3. On equations involving indeterminate questions of the first degree
    Book 4. On equations involving indeterminate questions of the second degree
    Book 5. On equations involving rectangles
    Mr Davis's notes.

  • Author

    Bhascara Acharya

    Translator

    Edward Strachey

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