An integrated view of communication in second language classrooms that acknowledges the importance of what teachers and students bring to the class environment.
Drawing on actual classroom transcripts from a range of instructional settings, Johnson constructs a conceptual framework through which teachers can recognize how patterns of classroom communication are established and maintained, how these patterns affect students' participation in classroom events, and how their participation shapes the ways they use language for learning and their opportunities for second language acquisition. Relevant research is presented from the areas of classroom discourse, language in communities, teacher cognition, classroom learning, and second language acquisition.
Focuses on communication as the central feature in teaching and learning in second language classrooms
Provides conceptual framework for understanding the dynamics of classroom communication
Illustrates ways of establishing effective patterns of classroom communication that will promote students' learning
This book provides an accessible guide to concepts in language testing and the testing of specific skills and systems. It combines theory and practical recommendations to help teachers understand the principles of testing and how they can be applied, supporting them to write better tests.