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Learning resources: chapter 5


Sections 5.1 - Intertheoretic Reduction and the Integration Challenge

1. Models of reduction
Concepts of intertheoretic reduction in contemporary philosophy of mind (paper by John Bickle, from the online A Field Guide to the Philosophy of Mind)
The unity of science (entry from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, by Jordi Cat)
Intertheory relations in physics (entry from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, by Robert Batterman)

2. Reduction in the cognitive sciences?
Intertheoretic reduction: A neuroscientist’s field guide (paper by Paul Churchland and Patricia Churchland, 1991)
Reduction: Models of cross-scientific relation and their implications for the psychology-neuroscience interface (paper by Robert McCauley, 2007; from the Handbook to the Philosophy of Science)
How does it work?” vs. “What are the laws?” Two conceptions of psychological explanation (paper by Robert Cummins, 2000)
Beyond reduction: Mechanisms, multifield integration and the unity of science (paper by Carl Craver, 2005; from Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 36)

3. Functional analysis of memory
Long-term memory (entry from Wikipedia)
Short-term memory (entry from Wikipedia)
Baddeley’s model of working memory (entry from Wikipedia)
The fractionation of working memory (paper by Alan Baddeley, 1996; from Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, 93)
Alan Baddeley explaining short- and long-term memory (video)

Section 5.2 - Marr’s Tri-Level Hypothesis and the Integration Challenge

1. The frame problem
Frame problem (entry from Wikipedia)
The frame problem (entry from the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, by Murray Shanahan)
Frame problem (entry from the MIT Encylopedia of Cognitive Science, by Eric Lormand)
For Marr see the online resources for section 2.3.
For modularity see the online resources for section 10.2.

Section 5.3 - Models of Mental Architecture

1. Cognitive architectures in computer science
Cognitive architecture (entry from Wikipedia)
Soar (cognitive architecture) (entry from Wikipedia)
Soar (official website from the University of Michigan)
ACT-R (entry from Wikipedia)
An example of cognitive architecture: EPIC (PowerPoint slides by David Kieras)
ACT-R (official website from Carnegie Mellon University)
John Laird PowerPoint slides on ACT-R and Soar
Soar (official website from the University of Michigan) For hybrid architectures see the online resources for section 10.4.

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