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Eigenvalues, Multiplicities and Graphs

Part of Cambridge Tracts in Mathematics

  • Date Published: February 2018
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781107095458


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About the Authors
  • The arrangement of nonzero entries of a matrix, described by the graph of the matrix, limits the possible geometric multiplicities of the eigenvalues, which are far more limited by this information than algebraic multiplicities or the numerical values of the eigenvalues. This book gives a unified development of how the graph of a symmetric matrix influences the possible multiplicities of its eigenvalues. While the theory is richest in cases where the graph is a tree, work on eigenvalues, multiplicities and graphs has provided the opportunity to identify which ideas have analogs for non-trees, and those for which trees are essential. It gathers and organizes the fundamental ideas to allow students and researchers to easily access and investigate the many interesting questions in the subject.

    • Provides a unified development of theory of eigenvalues, multiplicities, and graphs
    • Includes new information, including non-trees and geometric multiplicities
    • Offers numerous examples to demonstrate applications of the theory
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    Reviews & endorsements

    'The authors offer a unique and modern exploration into the eigenvalues associated with a graph, well beyond the classical treatments. This well-written and comprehensive monograph is ideal for newcomers to this subject and will be beneficial for experienced practitioners as well.' Shaun M. Fallat, University of Regina, Canada

    'The undirected graph of a real symmetric matrix tells you the sparsity structure of the matrix. That seems too little information to constrain the eigenvalues. Nevertheless as the matrix gets sparser some constraints appear, not on the actual eigenvalues but on their (algebraic) multiplicities. When the graph is sparse enough to be a tree there is a lot to say. The authors have collected scattered results, filled in key omissions, imposed systematic notation and concepts so that a rich and subtle theory, blending trees and matrices, unfolds before the reader. I, for one, am grateful.' Beresford Parlett, University of California, Berkeley

    'This book provides a comprehensive survey and fresh perspectives on a fundamental inverse problem: how does the structure of a matrix impact its spectral properties? The inclusion of recently developed techniques, results and open questions will foster future research and applications.' Bryan Shader, University of Wyoming.

    'The authors mention in the introduction that one goal of this book is to put together in one convenient place the fundamental ideas in this area to make it easier for students and new researchers on this subject to get started on some of the problems in the field. I believe that this goal has been achieved.' Sebastian M. Cioaba, Mathematical Reviews

    'In this book, the multiplicity of eigenvalues in graph theory is discussed in detail. No matter the theoretical knowledge or the way of thinking of the reader, this book has good learning and reference value. At the same time, it also plays a great role in readers' study and research. Therefore, it is a meaningful book.' Xiaogang Liu, zbMATH

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    Product details

    • Date Published: February 2018
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781107095458
    • length: 310 pages
    • dimensions: 236 x 158 x 23 mm
    • weight: 0.56kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    2. Parter-Wiener, etc. theory
    3. Maximum multiplicity for trees, I
    4. Multiple eigenvalues and structure
    5. Maximum multiplicity, II
    6. The minimum number of distinct eigenvalues
    7. Construction techniques
    8. Multiplicity lists for generalized stars
    9. Double generalized stars
    10. Linear trees
    11. Non-trees
    12. Geometric multiplicities for general matrices over a field.

  • Authors

    Charles R. Johnson, College of William and Mary, Virginia
    Charles R. Johnson is Class of 1961 Professor of Mathematics at the College of William and Mary, Virginia. He is the recognized expert in the interplay between linear algebra and combinatorics, as well as many parts of matrix analysis. He is coauthor of Matrix Analysis (Cambridge, 2012), Topics in Matrix Analysis (Cambridge, 2010), both with Roger Horn, and Totally Nonnegative Matrices (2011, with Shaun Fallat).

    Carlos M. Saiago, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
    Carlos M. Saiago is Assistant Professor of Mathematics at Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal, and is the author of fifteen papers on eigenvalues, multiplicities, and graphs.

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