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Indonesia's Islamic Revolution

$99.99 (C)

  • Date Published: January 2020
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781108487870

$ 99.99 (C)

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About the Authors
  • The history of the Indonesian Revolution has been dominated by depictions of grassroots fighters and elite politicians who thought of it as a nationalistic or class-based war. In this major new study, Kevin W. Fogg rethinks the Indonesian Revolution (1945–49) as an Islamic struggle, in which pious Muslims, who made up almost half the population, fought and organized in religious ways. Muslims fighting on the ground were convinced by their leaders' proclamations that they were fighting for a holy cause. In the political sphere, however, national leaders failed to write Islam into Indonesia's founding documents - but did create revolutionary precedents that continue to impact the country to this day. This study of a war of decolonization in the world's most populous Muslim country points to the ways in which Islam has functioned as a revolutionary ideology in the modern era.

    • Documents religious aspects of the most pivotal event in modern Indonesian history
    • Examines the basis of the demands for an Islamic state in Indonesia
    • Incorporates findings from oral history alongside archival research
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    Reviews & endorsements

    ‘Indonesia’s Islamic Revolution offers a fine analysis of the distinct place of the Muslim elites and grassroot activists in the Indonesia's revolution - an alternative to the conventional secular and leftist narratives, and not only sheds a fresh light on how and why religious aspiration hardly dies in contemporary Indonesian politics but also significantly contributes to a comparative study of religion and revolution in the modern societies.’ Muhamad Ali, University of California, Riverside

    ‘Bringing his subject alive with beautifully illuminating vignettes and acute observations, Kevin W. Fogg presents a powerful new interpretation of Indonesia’s revolution that is also a pleasure to read. Indonesia’s Islamic Revolution is a major work of social and political history that casts new light on the Islamic origins of modern Indonesia.’ Edward Aspinall, Australian National University

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    Product details

    • Date Published: January 2020
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781108487870
    • length: 452 pages
    • dimensions: 235 x 158 x 20 mm
    • weight: 0.51kg
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    1. Islam in Indonesia before the Revolution
    1.1 Islam in Indonesia at the turn of the twentieth century
    1.2 Divisions within the Muslim community
    1.3 Trends in the early twentieth century
    1.4 Japanese occupation
    Part I. Islam in Indonesia's War of Independence:
    2. Islamic calls to action
    2.1 The reasons for the revolutionary struggle
    2.2 Early Fatwas
    2.3 A flood of Fatwas
    2.4 A manifesto for the Islamic revolution: M. Arsjad Thalib Lubis's Toentoenan Perang Sabil
    2.5 Attacks on Islam as calls for action
    2.6 Conclusion
    3. Ulama, Islamic organizations, and Islamic militias
    3.1 Ulama as revolutionary leaders
    3.2 The mobilization of Islamic organizations
    3.3 Sabilillah and Hizbullah
    3.4 Islamic militias in battle
    3.5 Conclusion
    4. Magic, amulets and trances
    4.1 Tradition of Islamic magic
    4.2 Prayers and incantations
    4.3 Amulets and spells
    4.4 Martial arts and trances
    4.5 Consequences of Islamic magic: fearlessness and high casualties
    4.6 Conclusions
    5. Social revolution
    5.1 Meaning of social revolution
    5.2 Out with the old
    5.3 In with the new (and Islamic)
    5.4 Social revolution in Aceh: the Cumbok War
    5.5 Madiun affair as competing social revolutions
    5.6 Staying power of social revolution
    5.7 Conclusion
    6. Darul Islam
    6.1 Sequence of events leading Kartosuwirjo into rebellion
    6.2 The Darul Islam movement within the Islamic spectrum
    6.3 Exceptional factor: Kartosuwirjo
    6.4 Conclusion
    Part II. Islam in Indonesia's Political Revolution:
    7. The Jakarta Charter controversy
    7.1 Creation of the investigatory board
    7.2 The creation of Pancasila and the Jakarta Charter
    7.3 Removal of the Jakarta charter from the constitution
    7.4 Implications of the elimination of the Jakarta Charter
    8. The creation of Masjumi
    8.1 The evolving state in 1945
    8.2 Founding an Islamic political party: Masjumi
    8.3 Extraordinary members
    8.4 Masjumi leadership in 1945
    8.5 Conclusions
    9. The ministry of religion
    9.1 Colonial precedents
    9.2 Establishing a ministry
    9.3 The ministry of religion in action
    9.4 Conclusions: importance of the ministry
    10. Rise of Islamic socialists
    10.1 Background of the Islamic socialists
    10.2 Rise in government and the party
    10.3 Islamic socialists and the Masjumi platform
    10.4 Conclusions
    11. Regional Islamic parties
    11.1 Masjumi's geographic expansion
    11.2 Persatuan Tarbiyah Islamiyah (Perti)
    11.3 Regional political Islam facing federalism
    11.4 Conclusion
    12. The exit of PSII and the first fracture of Masjumi
    12.1 Standard narrative of PSII's exit: central power play
    12.2 PSII's own narrative: regional initiative
    12.3 Weighing personal versus regional interests in PSII's rebirth
    12.4 Conclusions: the implications of PSII's exit for Islamic politics
    13. Islamic diplomacy
    13.1 Grassroots Islamic diplomacy
    13.2 Success with the Arab League
    13.3 Diplomatic milestones
    13.4 Conclusions

  • Author

    Kevin W. Fogg, University of Oxford
    Kevin W. Fogg is a research associate at the Oxford Centre for Global History and Brasenose College, University of Oxford.

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