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Processes and Production Methods (PPMs) in WTO Law
Interfacing Trade and Social Goals

$50.99 (C)

Part of Cambridge International Trade and Economic Law

  • Date Published: January 2014
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781107694156

$ 50.99 (C)

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About the Authors
  • Despite a decades-long debate, starting with the 'Tuna-Dolphin' disputes of the 1990s, questions on the status of national regulatory measures linked to processes and production methods in WTO law have yet remained unsolved. Likewise, labelling requirements relating to unincorporated aspects of a product's life cycle remain strongly contested. These ongoing disputes at the WTO as well as global social and environmental challenges related to economic activities show how topical and important the search for adequate answers still is. Processes and Production Methods (PPMS) in WTO Law identifies and comprehensively analyses the key legal problems concerning such measures, setting them in the context of the current debate and its economic and regulatory background. Christiane R. Conrad develops a new approach to this debate which draws on the objectives and established economic rationales of the WTO Agreements.

    • A novel approach to the debate over regulatory measures linked to processes and production methods (PPMs)
    • Includes a comprehensive summary of the foregoing debate and its economic and regulatory background
    • Identifies and analyses the key questions of the legal discussion
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    Product details

    • Date Published: January 2014
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781107694156
    • length: 566 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 29 mm
    • weight: 0.75kg
    • contains: 2 b/w illus. 2 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Part I. Foundations. The Relevance of NPA Measures at the Interface of Domestic Regulation, Economic Globalization, and World Trade Law:
    1. Setting the stage for the legal analysis
    2. Putting the debate into perspective: analysis of the socio-economic context
    Part II. Legal Analysis. Reviewing the Status of NPA Measures De Le Ge Lata:
    3. Preliminary considerations. Applicability of WTO law and other international law to NPA measures
    4. Consistency with GATT obligations
    5. Limits to the justification of NPA measures under the general exceptions
    6. The status of PPM measures under the TBT agreement and the SPS agreement
    Part III. Outlook. New Perspectives on the Legal Status of NPA Measures:
    7. The interface of international trade and public policies: an overview of existing proposals for reform
    8. A regulation-based perspective on NPA trade measures.

  • Author

    Christiane R. Conrad, Universität Bremen
    Christiane R. Conrad is an attorney at law and inhouse lawyer with a telecommunications company in Germany. She was a member of the Collaborative Research Center 'Transformations of State' at the University of Bremen and she has also been a Visiting Fellow at Georgetown University Law Center.

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