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The Balance of Nature and Human Impact

$119.00 (P)

  • Editor: Klaus Rohde, University of New England, Australia
Klaus Rohde, Graham Forrester, Mark Steele, Boris Krasnov, Annapaola Rizzoli, Ana Perez del Omo, Aneta Kostadinova, Serge Morand, Peter J. Clarke, Mike J. Lawes, Andrea Simkova, Brian McGill, Lloyd Morrison, Christian Brochmann, Mary E. Edwards, Inger G. Alsos, Len Gillman, Shane Wright, Michael Box, Eric Hoberg, Daniel R. Brooks, Yihong Du, Camilo Mora, Fernando Zapata, Harold Heatwole, Harvey B. Lillywhite, Hugh Ford, Nigel Andrew, Peter Sale, Gimme Walter
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  • Date Published: March 2013
  • availability: In stock
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781107019614

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  • It is clear that nature is undergoing rapid changes as a result of human activities such as industry, agriculture, travel, fisheries and urbanisation. What effects do these activities have? Are they disturbing equilibria in ecological populations and communities, thus upsetting the balance of nature, or are they enhancing naturally occurring disequilibria, perhaps with even worse consequences? It is often argued that large-scale fluctuations in climate and sea-levels have occurred over and over again in the geological past, long before human activities could possibly have had any impact, and that human effects are very small compared to those that occur naturally. Should we conclude that human activity cannot significantly affect the environment, or are these naturally occurring fluctuations actually being dangerously enhanced by humans? This book examines these questions, first by providing evidence for equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions in relatively undisturbed ecosystems, and second by examining human-induced effects.

    • Includes extensive and well-documented discussions of equilibrium and non-equilibrium aspects of ecological systems, providing a large body of literature not often found in standard ecology texts
    • Assesses how human activities enhance non-equilibrium fluctuations in ecosystems, demonstrating that human-induced effects combine with naturally occurring fluctuations to cause environmental problems
    • Discusses measures to limit biodiversity loss, providing a practical perspective on tackling important environmental problems
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    Reviews & endorsements

    "This book summarizes ecological responses to global environmental change; it is relevant to interested readers of different backgrounds trying to understand why scientists are worried about current environmental change."
    Integrative and Comparative Biology

    "Klaus Rohde's fascinating edited volume The Balance of Nature and Human Impact offers a snapshot of current research, exploring evidence for or against equilibrium processes from an array of systems, interspersed with reviews of literature on selected topics."
    Brian Drayton, Biological Conservation

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    Product details

    • Date Published: March 2013
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781107019614
    • length: 426 pages
    • dimensions: 254 x 178 x 24 mm
    • weight: 1kg
    • contains: 42 b/w illus. 12 colour illus.
    • availability: In stock
  • Table of Contents

    Preface
    Introduction Klaus Rohde
    Part I. Nonequilibrium and Equilibrium in Populations and Metapopulations:
    1. Reef fishes: density dependence and equilibrium in populations? Graham Forrester and Mark Steele
    2. Population dynamics of ectoparasites of terrestrial hosts Boris Krasnov and Annapaola Rizzoli
    3. Metapopulation dynamics in marine parasites Ana Perez del Omo, Aneta Kostadinova and Serge Morand
    Part II. Nonequilibrium and Equilibrium in Communities:
    4. The paradox of the plankton Klaus Rohde
    5. A burning issue: community stability and alternative stable states in relation to fire Peter J. Clarke and Mike J. Lawes
    6. Community stability and instability in ectoparasites of marine and freshwater fish Andrea Simkova and Klaus Rohde
    7. Ectoparasites of small mammals: interactive saturated and unsaturated communities Boris Krasnov
    8. A macroecological approach to the equilibrial vs. nonequilibrial debate using bird populations and communities Brian McGill
    Part III. Equilibrium and Nonequilibrium on Geographical Scales:
    9. Island flora and fauna: equilibrium and nonequilibrium Lloyd Morrison
    10. The turbulent past and future of arctic vascular plants: climate change, spatial variation, and genetic diversity Christian Brochmann, Mary E. Edwards and Inger G. Alsos
    Part IV. Latitudinal Gradients:
    11. Latitudinal diversity gradients: equilibrium and nonequilibrium explanations Klaus Rohde
    12. Effective evolutionary time and the latitudinal diversity gradient Len Gillman and Shane Wright
    Part V. Effects Due to Invading Species, Habitat Loss and Climate Change:
    13. The physics of climate: equilibrium, disequilibrium and chaos Michael Box
    14. Episodic processes, invasion and faunal mosaics in evolutionary and ecological time Eric Hoberg and Daniel R. Brooks
    15. The emerging infectious diseases crisis and pathogen pollution Daniel R. Brooks and Eric Hoberg
    16. Establishment or vanishing: fate of an invasive species based on mathematical models Yihong Du
    17. Anthropogenic footprints on biodiversity Camilo Mora and Fernando Zapata
    18. Worldwide decline and extinction of amphibians Harold Heatwole
    19. Climatic change and reptiles Harvey B. Lillywhite
    20. Equilibrium and non-equilibrium in Australian bird communities - the impact of natural and anthropogenic effects Hugh Ford
    21. Population dynamics of insects: impacts of a changing climate Nigel Andrew
    22. The futures of coral reefs Peter Sale
    Part VI. Autecological Studies:
    23. Autecology and the balance of nature-ecological laws and human induced invasions Gimme Walter
    24. The intricacy of structural and ecological adaptations: micromorphology and ecology of some Aspidogastrea Klaus Rohde
    Part VII. An Overall View:
    25. The importance of interspecific competition in regulating communities, equilibrium vs. nonequilibrium Klaus Rohde
    26. Evolutionarily stable strategies: how common are they? Klaus Rohde
    27. How to conserve biodiversity in a nonequilibrium world Klaus Rohde, Hugh Ford, Nigel R. Andrew and Harold Heatwole
    Index.

  • Editor

    Klaus Rohde, University of New England, Australia
    Klaus Rohde is Professor Emeritus at the University of New England, Armidale, Australia. He is well known for his work on the ecology, biogeography and ultrastructure of parasites, particularly marine parasites, and on latitudinal gradients in biodiversity. He had published extensively on parasite ecology, nonequilibrium ecology and marine parasitology.

    Contributors

    Klaus Rohde, Graham Forrester, Mark Steele, Boris Krasnov, Annapaola Rizzoli, Ana Perez del Omo, Aneta Kostadinova, Serge Morand, Peter J. Clarke, Mike J. Lawes, Andrea Simkova, Brian McGill, Lloyd Morrison, Christian Brochmann, Mary E. Edwards, Inger G. Alsos, Len Gillman, Shane Wright, Michael Box, Eric Hoberg, Daniel R. Brooks, Yihong Du, Camilo Mora, Fernando Zapata, Harold Heatwole, Harvey B. Lillywhite, Hugh Ford, Nigel Andrew, Peter Sale, Gimme Walter

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