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Political Philosophy in the Twentieth Century
Authors and Arguments

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Catherine H. Zuckert, David Fott, Tracy B. Strong, Joseph Buttigieg, Steven B. Smith, Ellis Sandoz, Walter Nicgorski, Dana R. Villa, Eric Mack, Timothy Fuller, William Galston, John M. Finnis, Paul Weithman, Michael Bacon, William Leon McBride, Alan Milchman, Alan Rosenberg, William E. Scheuerman, Arthur Madigan SJ, Ruth Abbey
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  • Date Published: September 2011
  • availability: Available
  • format: Hardback
  • isbn: 9781107006225

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About the Authors
  • This book demonstrates the rich diversity and depth of political philosophy in the twentieth century. Catherine H. Zuckert has compiled a collection of essays recounting the lives of political theorists, connecting each biography with the theorist's life work and explaining the significance of the contribution to modern political thought. The essays are organized to highlight the major political alternatives and approaches. Beginning with essays on John Dewey, Carl Schmitt, and Antonio Gramsci, representing the three main political alternatives – liberal, fascist, and communist – at mid-century, the book proceeds to consider the lives and works of émigrés such as Hannah Arendt, Eric Voegelin, and Leo Strauss, who brought a continental perspective to the United States after World War II. The second half of the collection contains essays on recent defenders of liberalism, such as Friedrich Hayek, Isaiah Berlin, and John Rawls, and liberalism's many critics, including Michel Foucault, Jürgen Habermas, and Alasdair MacIntyre.

    • The accounts of leading political thinkers connect their arguments to their lives and circumstances
    • The collection includes a wide range of political perspectives as well as philosophical positions and approaches
    • Well-known scholars present the arguments of individual political philosophers they know and admire
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    Reviews & endorsements

    "… this anthology of essays covers quite a bit of territory with respect to 20th C. political thought. Strauss, Voegelin, and Schmitt receive coverage, but so too does Gramsci, Rawls, Rorty, Taylor, Hayek, and MacIntyre … this is a very good introductory text for students or those looking to quickly navigate the last 100 or so years of political philosophy."
    Ius Honorarium

    "… The editor Catherine Zuckert assembles an impressive cast of contributors and does a fine job of quality control. The book maintains an overall high standard and includes particularly good chapters by Joseph Buttigieg on Gramsci, Dana Villa on Arendt, Michael Bacon on Rorty, and Arthur Madigan on MacIntyre. An excellent introduction to the field, this edited volume is more comprehensive than single-authored books of similar orientation … the author-byauthor approach of Zuckert’s volume nicely complements the growing literature on the intersection of intellectual history and political history …"
    Kei Hiruta, Philosophy in Review

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    Product details

    • Date Published: September 2011
    • format: Hardback
    • isbn: 9781107006225
    • length: 290 pages
    • dimensions: 235 x 157 x 20 mm
    • weight: 0.5kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    Introduction Catherine H. Zuckert
    Part I. The Three Basic Alternatives in the Early Twentieth Century:
    1. John Dewey: philosophy as theory of education David Fott
    2. Carl Schmitt political theology and the concept of the political Tracy B. Strong
    3. Antonio Gramsci: liberation begins with critical thinking Joseph Buttigieg
    Part II. Émigré Responses to World War II:
    4. Philosophy as a way of life Steven B. Smith
    5. The philosopher's vocation: the Voegelinian paradigm Ellis Sandoz
    6. Yves R. Simon: a philosopher's quest for science and prudence Walter Nicgorski
    7. Hannah Arendt: from philosophy to politics Dana R. Villa
    Part III. The Revival of Liberal Political Philosophy:
    8. Friedrich Hayek on the nature of social order and law Eric Mack
    9. Michael Oakeshott: the philosophical skeptic in an impatient age Timothy Fuller
    10. Moral pluralism and liberal democracy: Isaiah Berlin's heterodox liberalism William Galston
    11. H. L. A. Hart: a twentieth-century Oxford political philosopher John M. Finnis
    Part IV. Critiques of Liberalism:
    12. John Rawls and the task of political philosophy Paul Weithman
    13. Richard Rorty: liberalism, irony, and social hope Michael Bacon
    14. Jean-Paul Sartre: 'in the soup' William Leon McBride
    15. Michel Foucault: an ethical politics of care of self and others Alan Milchman and Alan Rosenberg
    16. Jürgen Habermas: postwar German critical debates and the making of a theorist William E. Scheuerman
    17. Alasdair MacIntyre on political thinking and the tasks of politics Arthur Madigan, SJ
    18. Another philosopher-citizen: the political philosophy of Charles Taylor Ruth Abbey.

  • Instructors have used or reviewed this title for the following courses

    • Citizenship in the digital age
    • Modern Political Philosophy
    • Modern Political and Economic Ideas
    • Shaping the Modern World
  • Editor

    Catherine H. Zuckert, University of Notre Dame, Indiana
    Catherine H. Zuckert is currently a Professor of Political Science as well as the editor-in-chief of The Review of Politics, at the University of Notre Dame. She has written several books, including Plato's Philosophers: The Coherence of the Dialogues. Her books have won several awards, including: the R. R. Hawkins award for the Best Scholarly and Professional Book published in 2009; PROSE awards for the best book in philosophy and excellence in the humanities and the PSP award for the Best Book in Philosophy and Religion in 1990. Zuckert has had articles published in Political Theory, The Journal of Politics, History of Political Thought, The Review of Politics, Philosophy and Rhetoric, Epoché, Review of Metaphysics, Polity, Interpretation, and The Claremont Review of Books.


    Catherine H. Zuckert, David Fott, Tracy B. Strong, Joseph Buttigieg, Steven B. Smith, Ellis Sandoz, Walter Nicgorski, Dana R. Villa, Eric Mack, Timothy Fuller, William Galston, John M. Finnis, Paul Weithman, Michael Bacon, William Leon McBride, Alan Milchman, Alan Rosenberg, William E. Scheuerman, Arthur Madigan SJ, Ruth Abbey

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