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The main focus of the book is whether globalization and trade liberalization enable business associations to become real representatives of business interests rather than state-controlled or otherwise ineffective organizations in developing countries. The book relies heavily on more than 200 interviews with Moroccan and Tunisian workers and employers to trace changes in business associational life after trade liberalization in the 1980s and 1990s. The core argument is that pre-economic liberalization relations between business and the state condition how business groups organize in the face of large-scale economic change.Read more
- Based on extensive, in-depth field research in Morocco and Tunisia
- Develops an innovative typology to characterize how business groups react to economic change
- Addresses debates about how globalization alters the relationship between the state and business groups
Reviews & endorsements
"For nearly two hundred years, students of politics have debated what determines when and how capitalists influence state policy. In drawing on the experience of developing country manufacturers--the textile industries of Morocco and Tunisia--Melani Cammett both deepens both the theoretical sophistication and broadens the empirical reach of these debates. Incorporating how the opportunities and challenges of the export market shape both business horizons and government incentives, she draws subtle portraits of the changing outlooks of business communities of Tunisia and Morocco. In doing so, she deftly outlines when and why industrialists mobilize, and when and why they are effective. This book is valuable not only for what it tells us about North African textile exporters but what we learn about the global dynamics of business-state relations in the twenty-first century."
-Lisa Anderson, Columbia UniversitySee more reviews
"As developing countries open to the world economy, the organization and political activity of local business communities, and their relationship with national governments, have become ever more important. Globalization and Business Politics in Arab North Africa is a serious contribution to our understanding of this central feature of the political economy of developing nations. In it, Melani Claire Cammett carries out a careful and nuanced study of the economics and politics of the crucial textile and garment industries in Tunisia and Morocco as the two countries were drawn into the world economy. She contrasts the relative political passivity of the Tunisian industrialists with the striking activism of their counterparts in Morocco. Cammett invokes a sophisticated mix of economic, political, and sociological factors to explain the differences in the behavior of the two countries’ industrialists. Along the way, she provides us with a detailed analysis of the global textile and apparel trade, and of the developing world’s place in it; and an extension of her two-country comparison to other developing nations. Globalization and Business Politics in Arab North Africa will be of great relevance to all those interested in the political economy of development."
-Jeffry Frieden, Harvard University
"An impressive scholarly contribution. Cammett’s careful and theoretically-informed study, based on in-depth fieldwork in Tunisia and Morocco, provides not only valuable analytical insights but also important real-world lessons about how, why, and with what domestic political implications industrialists in developing countries respond to globalization and trade liberalization."
-Mark Tessler, University of Michigan
“Professor Cammett has presented a richly documented analysis of the domestic conditions under which forces of global competition may encourage business groups in developing countries to organize collectively[...]Cammett’s story is a fascinating contrast of two rather different business and political environments in the same region and culture and faced with similar challenges and similar policy preferences among the individual actors.”
-Clement M. Henry, Middle East Journal
"Melani Cammett has provided a superb account of impact globalization on manufacturers in developing countries. [...]Globalization and Business Politics in Arab North Africa is an invaluable, stimulating scholarly contribution. It will surely be a welcome addition to advanced undergraduate- and graduate level courses on international and comparative political economy, as well as courses on North African and Mediterranean politics. Cammett is to be applauded for a stimulating, insightful book."
-Gregory White, Smith College, Perspectives on Politics
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- Date Published: July 2010
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9780521156264
- length: 286 pages
- dimensions: 229 x 152 x 16 mm
- weight: 0.42kg
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
Part I. The Framework:
1. Rethinking globalization and business politics
2. Globalization and integration in international apparel manufacturing networks: the new politics of industrial development
Part II. The Institutional Context:
3. Business and the state in Tunisia: statist development, capital dispersion, and preemptive integration in world markets
4. Business in the state in Morocco: business penetration of the state and the genesis of the 'fat cat'
Part III. Globalization and Institutional Change:
5. Business as usual: state-sponsored industrialization and business collective inaction in Tunisia
6. Fat cats and self-made men: class conflict and business collective action in Morocco
7. Globalization, business politics, and industrial policy in developing countries.
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