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Party Discipline and Parliamentary Politics

$47.99 (C)

  • Date Published: July 2011
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781107402690

$ 47.99 (C)

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About the Authors
  • One of the chief tasks facing political leaders is to build and maintain unity within their parties. This text examines the relationship between party leaders and Members of Parliament in Britain, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, showing how the two sides interact and sometimes clash. Christopher J. Kam demonstrates how incentives for MPs to dissent from their parties have been amplified by a process of partisan dealignment that has created electorates of non-partisan voters who reward shows of political independence. Party leaders therefore rely on a mixture of strategies to offset these electoral pressures, from offering MPs advancement to threatening discipline, and ultimately relying on a long-run process of socialization to temper their MPs' dissension. Kam reveals the underlying structure of party unity in modern Westminster parliamentary politics, and drives home the point that social norms and socialization reinforce rather than displace appeals to MPs' self-interest.

    • Demonstrates how a single theoretical model can explain political behaviour across a number of countries
    • Adopts a synthetic theoretical approach, showing how rationality and social norms are better thought of as reinforcing forces, rather than antagonistic forces
    • Blends case studies, game theory, statistics and content analysis
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    Reviews & endorsements

    “Party discipline is a key element in Westminster systems and Kam makes a major step forward in formalizing our understanding of this. An exceedingly thoughtful book.”
    Shaun Bowler, University of California, Riverside

    “This is a landmark text in the study of comparative parliamentary behaviour. It is the first book to develop and test a micro-level theory of internal party politics in parliaments using roll-call data from several parliaments. If Kam is right, that parliamentary parties are no-longer unitary actors and that party cohesion is fragile and conditional, this calls into question much of the established wisdom about how parliamentary government works.”
    Simon Hix, Professor of European and Comparative Politics, London School of Economics and Political Science

    “This is a major work. It brings the study of dissent in Westminster-style parliaments from anecdotage to data, and from data to analysis.”
    Iain McLean, Professor of Politics, Oxford University

    "Among the work's strengths is its thoughtful, logical model, along with the author's clear and helpful guidance in testing key ideas through sophisticated statistical analyses...This book is mandatory reading for all serious students of institutional politics, and also probably will prove quite useful in senior methodology and research design courses."
    Political Science Quarterly, Cristine de Clercy, University of Western Ontario

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    Product details

    • Date Published: July 2011
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781107402690
    • length: 278 pages
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 16 mm
    • weight: 0.41kg
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    2. A model of intra-party politics
    3. Patterns of backbench dissent in four Westminster parliamentary systems, 1945–2005
    4. Policy preferences and backbench dissent in Great Britain and Canada
    5. Dissent, constituency service, and the personal vote in Great Britain and New Zealand
    6. The cost of dissent to the party
    7. Demotion and dissent in the Canadian Liberal Party, 1991–7
    8. Discipline and dissent in the Australian Coalition, 1996–8
    9. Career trajectories, socialization, and backbench dissent in the British House of Commons
    10. Conclusion
    Appendix 1. Comparative statics and proofs
    Appendix 2. Content and construction of ideological scales
    Appendix 3. Sampling and coding of media dissent and discipline
    Appendix 4. Demotion and the parliamentary careers of Canadian MPs

  • Author

    Christopher J. Kam, University of British Columbia, Vancouver

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