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Exploring the challenge of rehabilitating countries after civil wars, this study finds that attempting to transform war-shattered states into liberal democracies with market economies can backfire badly. Roland Paris contends that the rapid introduction of democracy and capitalism in the absence of effective institutions can increase rather than decrease the danger of renewed fighting. A more effective approach to post-conflict peacebuilding would be to introduce political and economic reform in a gradual and controlled manner.Read more
- First book to analyze all fourteen operations conducted since the end of the Cold War and the first to challenge the prevailing strategy
- Includes important new recommendations for making peacebuilding more effective
- An accessible and topical account for interested general readers
Reviews & endorsements
"At War's End is the state of the art treatment of the dilemmas of reconstruction and peacebuilding after war, intervention and civil conflict." Michael Ignatieff, Director, Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Harvard UniversitySee more reviews
"Roland Paris's At War's End is a major contribution to an understanding of the theory, practice, and consequences of peacekeeping that should be read by scholars and practioners alike. Paris expertly demonstrates how peacekeeping has evolved from the modest attempt to keep the peace to the much more ambitious agenda of engineering the socio-political conditions for a stable peace. The goal is nothing short than the promotion of "liberal" states. But, as Paris documents, the road to hell can be paved with good intentions; the attempt by the international community to promote democracy and markets has created, in various places, not a liberal peace but instead renewed competition and violence. His recommendations - that the international community should prioritize order over democracy - should be debated seriously by all those who are concerned about the future of peacekeeping." Michael Barnett, University of Wisconsin
"This is the best book yet written on peacebuilding operations, a must for both academics and practitioners." Peter Viggo Jakobsen, the University of Copenhagen
"This book will surely stand as the definitive treatment of the intellectual and ideological origins of international peacekeeping and peacebuilding in the post-Cold War era. The breadth of cases, the rigorous assessment of outcomes, and depth of policy insight are most impressive." Fen Osler Hampson, Professor of International Affairs and Director, Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University
"Few studies of peacekeeping and peacebuilding merit the description 'breakthrough.'... This is one of them." Michael Pugh, Director, University of Plymouth International Studies Centre and Editor, International Peacekeeping Journal
"Paris' excellent work will quickly become the most authoritative source on this topic." Political Science Quarterly
"...thorough [and] interesting."
Perspectives on Politics
"...a timely and very good addition to the growing literature in post-conflict studies." Journal of Conflict Resolution
"Roland offers compelling arguments for identifying and rebuilding key institutions before rushing into democratic and market reforms." - LTC Mark Barkley, USA
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- Date Published: May 2004
- format: Paperback
- isbn: 9780521541978
- length: 304 pages
- dimensions: 229 x 152 x 17 mm
- weight: 0.45kg
- contains: 5 b/w illus.
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
Part I. Foundations:
1. The origins of peacebuilding
2. The liberal peace thesis
Part II. The Peacebuilding Record:
3. Introduction to the case studies
4. Angola and Rwanda: the perils of political liberalization
5. Cambodia and Liberia: democracy diverted
6. Bosnia and Croatia: reinforcing ethnic divisions
7. El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala: reproducing the sources of conflict
8. Namibia and Mozambique: success stories in southern Africa?
Part III. Problems and Solutions:
9. Bad theory, bad practice: the limits of Wilsonianism
10. Towards more effective peacebuilding: institutionalization before liberalization
11. Lessons learned and not learned: Kosovo, East Timor, Sierra Leone, and beyond.
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