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How do presidential candidates in new democracies choose their campaign strategies, and what strategies do they adopt? In contrast to the claim that campaigns around the world are becoming more similar to one another, Taylor Boas argues that new democracies are likely to develop nationally specific approaches to electioneering through a process called success contagion. The theory of success contagion holds that the first elected president to complete a successful term in office establishes a national model of campaign strategy that other candidates will adopt in the future. He develops this argument for the cases of Chile, Brazil, and Peru, drawing on interviews with campaign strategists and content analysis of candidates' television advertising from the 1980s through 2011. The author concludes by testing the argument in ten other new democracies around the world, demonstrating substantial support for the theory.Read more
- Develops a new theory of campaign strategies in new democracies
- Draws on interviews with campaign strategists and content analysis of campaign advertising
- Covers the campaigns of all major presidential candidates (forty-five total) in Chile, Brazil, and Peru from the 1980s through 2011
Reviews & endorsements
"The voluminous literature on democratization in Latin America has given relatively little attention to presidential campaigns, despite their centrality to the democratic process in the region. Taylor C. Boas addresses that shortcoming in this impressive book. His analysis provides new insights into the strategic behavior of presidential candidates, party organizations, and professional campaign managers and consultants, and it demonstrates how these actors craft technocratic, populist, personalist, and programmatic appeals to voters. This book is a major contribution to the scholarship on democratic representation in contemporary Latin America."
Kenneth M. Roberts, Cornell UniversitySee more reviews
"Presidential Campaigns in Latin America is an innovative and important work on presidential campaign strategies in contemporary Latin America. Taylor C. Boas's book marks an important effort to explain how and why campaign strategies evolve over time. His argument centers on the emulation of campaign strategies by successful presidents and the non-emulation of campaign strategies of unsuccessful presidents. The research is based on high-quality fieldwork in Chile, Brazil, and Peru."
Scott Mainwaring, Eugene and Helen Conley Professor of Political Science, University of Notre Dame
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- Date Published: March 2016
- format: Hardback
- isbn: 9781107131149
- length: 276 pages
- dimensions: 235 x 160 x 23 mm
- weight: 0.57kg
- contains: 29 b/w illus. 27 tables
- availability: Available
Table of Contents
1. Success contagion and presidential campaigns in Latin America
2. Convergence on a personalistic strategy in Chile
3. Convergence on a technocratic strategy in Brazil
4. Limited contagion and inward-oriented reactions in Peru
5. Success contagion and presidential campaigns in comparative perspective
Appendix A. Methodology for the content analysis of television advertising
Appendix B. Coding instructions for reliability testing
Appendix C. Coding sheet for reliability testing.
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