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Learning by Expanding
An Activity-Theoretical Approach to Developmental Research

2nd Edition

$35.99 (P)

  • Date Published: June 2019
  • availability: Available
  • format: Paperback
  • isbn: 9781107640108

$ 35.99 (P)

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About the Authors
  • First published in 1987, Learning by Expanding challenges traditional theories that consider learning a process of acquisition and reorganization of cognitive structures within the closed boundaries of specific tasks or problems. Yrjö Engeström argues that this type of learning increasingly fails to meet the challenges of complex social change and fails to create novel artifacts and ways of life. In response, he presents an innovative theory of expansive learning activity, offering a foundation for understanding and designing learning as a transformation of human activities and organizations. The second edition of this seminal text features a substantive new introduction that illustrates the development and implementation of Engeström's theory since its inception.

    • Written by the developer of one of the three primary strands of activity theory, Scandinavian activity theory
    • Discusses learning as a collective effort
    • Treats learning as travel in the zone of proximal development
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    Product details

    • Edition: 2nd Edition
    • Date Published: June 2019
    • format: Paperback
    • isbn: 9781107640108
    • dimensions: 229 x 152 x 22 mm
    • weight: 0.56kg
    • contains: 28 b/w illus. 12 tables
    • availability: Available
  • Table of Contents

    1. Introduction
    2. The emergence of learning activity as a historical form of human learning
    3. The zone of proximal development as the basic category of expansive research
    4. The instruments of expansion
    5. Toward an expansive methodology
    6. Epilogue.

  • Author

    Yrjö Engeström, University of Helsinki
    Yrjö Engeström is Professor of Adult Education and the director of the Center for Research on Activity, Development and Learning (CRADLE) at the University of Helsinki. He is also Professor Emeritus of Communication at the University of California, San Diego. Engeström is author of From Teams to Knots: Activity-Theoretical Studies of Collaboration and Learning at Work (Cambridge, 2008).

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